The study of human development- how/why ppl change(birth to conception) and how/why they don’t.
Multidirectional-some things strengthen while others weaken.
Dynamic Systems: continual change that is connected to every other development in each individual and society.
affect phys. development: time of day, season, sleeping, appetite, nutrition, family, stress, exercise, culture, food supply, climate. Butterfly Effect: small action can effect everything.
Opposite- big thing can make no difference.
Multicontextual-Life depends on contexts.
Historical, Cultural, Socio-economic.
Cohorts: group of ppl with same year/decade of birth(H). Social Construction: idea build on shared
perceptions more than reality. SES: education, income, neighborhood, occupation of head of house. Collective Efficacy: group of ppl who work together for a good cause. Cultural
Multicultural- different backgrounds and cultures. Race- physical Ethnicity- culture. Culture- specific attributes of a group of ppl. Variations in SES tend to follow ethnic variations.
(1) Too Rich to Marry-Women w higher income more likely marry US and Sweden(highest).
Decrease in Japan
(2) The Children’s House- kibbutz- children sleep all together w/ peers in separate house than adults
Multidisciplinary- different jobs/duties in life. 3 domains- biosocial, cognitive, psychosocial.
Plasticity- people are molded into dif. Shapes and forms yet we have an amount of durability.
(Paul Baltes (founder of the
lifespan approach) would have us consider the person within the context and that a person is guided in divergent directions by many contextual
influences.“We need to keep in mind that the future is not something we simply enter, the future is also something we help create.”)
Scientific method- 1) Formulate a research question 2)Develop Hypothesis 3) Test hypothesis 4)draw Conclusions 5)Make the findings available
Research Methods- observation, experiment, survey, case study
Studying Changes over Time- cross sectional- dif age, short time Longitudinal- long time same ppl. Cross-sequential- dif age, long time
Ecological-systems approach-research between environment and person- Brenfenbrenner
Rights- no one is harmed, participation is voluntary and confidential.
Theories- frame questions and begin to answer them. Developmental, Grand, Minitheories, Emergent(.
Grand theories- large and influential (Psychoanalytic Theory-motives and drives. Freud (Psychosexual) 1. oral-gratification, attachment 2. anal- control, self-control.