Japan Midterm - Study Guide Part 1

Japan Midterm - Study Guide Part 1 - Himiko o female ruler...

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Himiko o female ruler of  Yamataikoku , o controlled  people  through her  paranormal  abilities o Himiko never married, and it is recorded that her younger brother assisted her as a political advisor. o Ascended to power 188 AD Yayoi Period o She occupied herself with magic and sorcery, bewitching the people. o She had one thousand women as attendants Wa o Chinese chronicle refers to the inhabitants of the Japanese islands simply as the  Wa , literally, "The Little  People." o Oldest recorded name of Japan o Used until around the 8 th  century Soga Clan o one of the most powerful clans in  Yamato   Japan   o played a major role in the spread of  Buddhism  in that country. o claimed descendance from  Emperor Kogen . o exerted influence was through marital connections with the imperial family o Asuka Period  o unified and strengthened the country by expanding the power of the  Emperor  as a symbol and spiritual leader o Soga Instument Percussive instrument (drum) Tenmu o Emperor Tenmu  o Ruled from 672 – 686 (death) o Succeeded by wife Jito  o Younger brother of Emperor Tenji o Thought his life was endangered because of his brother o Decided to resign as crown prince and leave to a secluded place to become a monk o Took son and wife (daughter of Tenji) o After Tenji’s death, with his formed army attacked Tenji’s son and took over throne o Strong support from middle-ranking nobles and military backing by some of regional authorities. o foreign policy favored the Korean kingdom  Silla o emphasis on the tie between the imperial household and the  Grand Shrine of Ise  (dedicated to the ancestor  goddess of the emperors,  Amaterasu ) o showed favor to  Buddhism , and built several large temples and monasteries. o brought many changes, such as:  (1) a centralized war department was organized;  (2) the defenses of the Inner Country near the Capital were strengthened;  (3) forts and castles were built near Capital and in the western parts of Honshu and in Kyushu;  (4) troops were reviewed; and all provincial governors were ordered to complete the collection of arms  and to study tactics
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Haniwa o Terra cotta clay soldiers o Used for rituals  o Buried with the dead  o Used during the Kofun period (3 rd  – 6 th  century) o Represented the soldiers of that time Calvary wore iron armor Carried swords and other weapons  o Made in numerous forms, such as horses, chickens, birds, fans, fish, houses, weapons, shields, sunshades,  pillows, and male and female humans. o
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This note was uploaded on 04/03/2008 for the course HIST 50 taught by Professor Duthie during the Fall '07 term at UCLA.

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Japan Midterm - Study Guide Part 1 - Himiko o female ruler...

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