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Japan Midterm - Study Guide Part 2

Japan Midterm - Study Guide Part 2 - Jomon...

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Jomon culture (Neolithic – New Stone Age) o 1 st  & longest period of Japanese history – more than 10,000 years o hunter-gatherer societies o limited use of agriculture o stretched across modern Japan o New features  Bows/arrows Traps Widespread gathering of food Greater reliance on seafood Limited agriculture Larger communities Production of pottery o “Rope Pattern” – characteristic on pots. Nickname of Jomon period. Rolling cord o “large, loosely integrated cultural complex” – spurred by new technologies & group of people o Jomon pots are among world’s earliest – as far as 14,500 B.C. Used for storage & cooking More elaborate ones were used for rituals Had a religious and magical significance o 7 th  millennium B.C. – above ground & semi-subterranean dwellings appear o 5000 B.C. – characteristic living patterns developed stable communities pit dwellings with roofs of wood/thatch/earth o 3000-2000 B.C. – thriving cultural activity in central Honshu o Jomon culture was rich & complex Yayoi Culture – named after part of Tokyo where pot was found. o New technologies appeared in northern Kyushu and then throughout Japan Iron working Bronze casting Glassmaking  Weaving New woodwork and other technologies o Most important – food producing technologies necessary for intensive agriculture Wet rice agriculture  Laborious & time consuming but more nourishment per unit of land. Dry cultivation (Slash & burn fields) Millet Barley Wheat Beans Buckwheat Fruit Trees Ocean had fish, shellfish and seaweed
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o 400 B.C. – overlapped Jomon period o Immigrants from Korea then mixing with jomon’s (possibility) o The Land of Wa Himiko o Contact with Korean peninsula o Internal warfare o Hierarchical societies With influences from korea and china Can tell from Korean & Jomon pottery o Hunting was important Can be seen in Japanese mythology and then try to connect backwards  Use blood of deer, horses – soak in rice = good cultivating Bells buried separately from people, but with swords, armor, etc. Yoshinogari – settlements of yayori Kofun o Large rounded tombs late 3 rd  – 6 th  century o Korea influential methods o Clay statues (Haniwa) Grave goods, mirrors, swords, armor, saddles o Yamato court Early stages of hereditary kinship Asuka  飛飛 o Asuka was the site of the Yamato court during most of the 7 th  century o 592-710 o historical events 645 – coup d’etat against soga (kinship [clan] tied by lineage, came from korea) 663 – defeat of paekchon river (korea) 672 – jinshin disturbance o
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