Topic 4 - Topic 4 The Age of the Great Empires A Macedonia...

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Topic 4: The Age of the Great Empires A . Macedonia Conquest & Hellinistic Empires 1. The founder of Macedonian Empire: Philip of Macedon. 2. Alexander’s Empire: Hellinistic Empire, was from Greece through Macedonia, Lydia, Syria, Palestine, Egypt, and Persia to India (Indus Valley). Alexander died in 325 in Babylon from a fever in his early 30’s. He left his empire “to the strongest. ” No one had the capacity to control such a vast empire. 3. The greatest contributions of this time were the myths, the Library of Alexandria (greatest intellectual center), the Museum (scientific evidence), Euclid, Archimedes and pi, Stoicism of Zeno (philosophy based on virtue, living in harmony with nature) , Epicurianism (philosophy based on self-interest, pursuit of pleasure). B. The rise and decline of Roman power in the Mediterranean World 1. Romulus and Remus were twins born in the Kings palace and by the Kings order were left in the countryside to die. A wolf found them and raised them . They created a city on the 7 Hills of Rome and when an argument arose after which hill to have their city based on Romulus killed Remus, and so the city was named Romulus.
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