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Japan 50 - Early Lecture Notes

Japan 50 - Early Lecture Notes - Japanese Civilizations...

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Japanese Civilizations 9/27/07 Reading notes Japan – 4 main islands o Hokkaido o Honshu (main island) o Shikiku o Kyushu o 1500 miles Lat 45 deg. North – 24 deg. North o Area of 146,000 sq. miles Greater than Great Britain and Italy, but small than California o Separated from rest of Asia by Sea of Okhotsk Sea of Japan East China Sea o Heavily depended on the ocean for food and transportation Islands linked by straits and navigable seas o Japan shaped by Tectonic plates Climatic changes Oceanic forces o Sits at the intersection of no fewer than 4 tectonic plates Pacific North American Eurasian Philippine Sea As many as 1000 earthquakes / year 40 active volcanoes o Mountains are about 5 million years old American Rockies and Swiss Alps – 10+ million years old Appalachians – 500 million years old o Japan has Steep mountain ranges Therefore fast moving streams, rapid, erosion and landslide/mudslide Hard to go through mountains o Bad internal transportation and communication o Preserved regional autonomy and diversity o Relied on water transport (coastal routes) 4 important plains (west to east) Tsukushi Plain
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o Northern Kyushu near Korean peninsula & Chinese continent o Nobi (Head of Ise Bay) Kanto – Largest surrounds modern Tokyo o Most heavily industrialized/urbanized o Winter Winds blow across asia Snows north western sides of mountains Pacific coast – dry winds and little precipitation o Summer Warm moist air comes up from the south o Kuroshio (Japan Current) Flows up from Philippines through ryukyu islands o Oyashio current Cold water along Kuril Islands, around Hokkaido Runs down both sides of northeastern Honshu Mix of cold and warm water = wealth of food, edible fish, shell fish and seaweed Paleolithic Culture o Until end of ice age 12,000 years ago land bridges linked Japanese islands to asia along Sakhalin peninsula in the north and Korean peninsula in the south o Japanese archeology is about 35,000 years old About 30,000 years ago, group spread throughout Japan (known as “late Paleolithic period [old stone age])” Jomon culture (Neolithic – New Stone Age) o 1 st o hunter-gatherer societies o limited use of agriculture o stretched across modern Japan o New features Bows/arrows Traps Widespread gathering of food Greater reliance on seafood Limited agriculture Larger communities Production of pottery
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