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Unformatted text preview: Tokugawa Ieyasu (1543-1616) • Founder of the last shogunate (called Tokugawa or Edo) • Named shogun in 1603, abdicated 1605 • 1605 Ieyasu resigns in favor of son Hidetada • He allied with Oda Nobunaga – never went against him, very loyal – profited from long alliance • Faces no challenges after Hideyoshi’s death – takes control • Moves capital to Edo • “Code for the Warrior Households” Tokugawa Iemitsu • Third shogun of Tokugawa (reigned 1623-1651) • Grandson of Ieyasu, son of Hidetada • Wanted to limit western access to Japan – Closed Country Edict 1635 Shinpan • Daimyo who belonged to Tokugawa family – collateral relatives • Averaged 500,000 koku (measurement of wealth in rice) • Most trusted and loyal to Tokugawa government Fudai • Daimyo allied to Tokugawa family • Averaged 10,000-100,000 koku • Ruled small fiefs • Militarily placed in strategic regions Tozama • Daimyo outside of Tokugawa family • Many had over 100,000 koku • Least trusted, potentially dangerous to Tokugawa • Strategically placed in outer regions Yamaga Soko (1622-1685) • Japanese Confucian philosopher, strategist • Proponent of a fusion of Confucian and warrior values • Founding father of modern way of the warrior (Bushido) • Student of Hayashi Razan • “Yamaga Soko and the Civilizing of the Samurai” Ogyu Sorai (1666-1728) • Japanese Confucian philosopher • Applied teachings of Confucianism to government and social order • Rejected Song philosophy • Rejected unity of inner human realm and outer world of heaven and earth Kamo no Mabuchi (1687-1769) • Japanese poet of Edo (Tokugawa) period • Regarded poetry as best medium for expressing emotion • Concluded that Japan’s ancient verses might offer insight into purely Japanese heart (kokoro) • Believed Japan’s unbroken change of imperial rule demonstrated Japan’s superiority • “Inquiry into the Idea of Poetry” Motoori Norinaga (1730-1801) • Japanese scholar of Edo period • Works: “Kojiki-den” (Commentaries on the Kojiki) • Annotated Tale of Genji • Imported Confucianism countered the heritage of ancient Japan of natural feelings and spirit • Part of Confucian “Back to Original Text” movement –against study of China Haikai • Form of Japanese linked-verse poetry • Comic renga – eccentric poetry • Less serious than the formal renga form • Developed during 16 th century Basho (1644-1694) • Most famous poet of Edo period – known for haikai no renga • Master of haiku • Invented the term haiku (replacing hokku) • His father was low-ranking samurai Ihara Saikaku (1642-1693) • Japanese poet and novelist • Creator of “floating world” genre of Japanese prose • Wrote entertaining accounts of amorous and financial affairs of merchant class and demimonde • Works: “The Japanese Family Storehouse” Kabuki • Traditional Japanese theatre • Translated as the art of singing and dancing • Origins: “Women’s Kabuki” “Youth Kabuki” – sense of prostitution, therefore...
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This note was uploaded on 04/03/2008 for the course HIST 50 taught by Professor Duthie during the Fall '07 term at UCLA.
- Fall '07