Sociology Notes Main

Sociology Notes Main - Sociology Notes-Culture 04/09/2007...

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Unformatted text preview: Sociology Notes-Culture 04/09/2007 12:42:00 7 Adjectives describing Nacirema culture Harsh Culture Way of life for a group of society Material and nonmaterial artifacts of a group of people (Material Culture) o Natural Resources o Technology to use resources o Things we build with them o Transportation infrastructure o Consumer Goods Nonmaterial Culture o Symbols Conveys meaning, everyone understands it Reality is the meaning of things, meaning is the basis of culture Meaning of things varies between cultures Meaning also varies b/t cultural subgroups (confederate flag, fur coat, meat) Meaning is linked to nonmaterial culture o Language System of symbols for communication Facilities cultural transmission Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis Know world only in terms of language Language shaped by culture (lol, cool, ttyl): actually its a two way street Using language to shape the culture (Civilian Casualties=Collateral Damage, Anti Choice=Pro Life) Includes nonverbal gestures o Gestures Specific forms of language that involve the use of non-verbal body movements to communicate messages o Beliefs Shared ideas about the world that a group accepts as true o Values Shared ideas about desirable, morally correct conduct, appearance, goals and feelings Support beliefs Core American Values Individual freedom Equality Only of opportunity, not equality of condition Success Family Personal Achievement and financial success, conspicuous consumption Value Contradiction Individual freedom, be yourself; patriotism Norms Written and unwritten rules about appropriate behavior Folkways Norms about daily life (Eat, dress, personal distance) Mores Norms essential to well-being of group Morally significant, often codified in laws Taboos=thou shalt not. Usually written rules Ideal vs. Real Norms Ideal Norms o The way things should be o Social patterns mandated by beliefs, values, and norms Real Norms o The way things actually are Example of discrepancy: Speeding Norms encourage social conformity Direct and indirect pressures Positive and negative sanctions Conformity brings rewards and praise Noncomformity brings criticism, rebuke and stigma o Guilt-judging ourselves o Shame-public disapproval Characteristics of Culture Shared Learned Taken for granted Symbolic-symbols are the foundation of culture Varies across time and place Cultural Relativism Idea that something can be understood and judged only in relationship to the cultural context in which it appears Dont confuse culture with society...
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This note was uploaded on 04/03/2008 for the course SOC 101 taught by Professor Sullivan during the Spring '08 term at ASU.

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Sociology Notes Main - Sociology Notes-Culture 04/09/2007...

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