Personality - Determinism- Belief that all behavior is...

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Determinism- Belief that all behavior is caused and therefore not free Empiricism- Idea that attributes are derived from experience and not genetics Environmentalism- same as above Epiphenomenalism- Idea that mental events exist only as by-products of bodily events and never vice versa Epistemology- Study of the nature of human knowledge Hedonism- The main goal in life is to seek pleasure and avoid pain Heuristic function of a theory- theory’s ability to generate new information Human Nature- The nature of humans and how each theory fits Idiographic research- intense study of a single person Individual differences- Important ways in which humans differ from each other Interactionism- mind influences the body and body influences the mind Introspection- looking inside oneself Mind- Body Problem- Problem of specifying the extent to which the body has on the mind and vice versa Nativism- Attributes are determined by nature not nurture Nativism- Empiricism controversy- same as nature-nurture controversy Paradigm- term used by kuhn to describe a theory shared by many researchers Parallelism- Idea that an environmental event causes bodily and mental activity at the same time Person Variables- variables thought to be contained within the person thought to be responsible for their behavior Persona- Latin word meaning mask Physical Monism- Idea that no mental events occur only physical events Principle of Falsifiability- idea that an idea must have some way to prove it false or it is not a valid theory
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objective empirical testing or they cannot be considered valid Risky Predictions- According to Popper for a prediction to be deemed scientific it must be a risky prediction. Scientific theory- Rationalism and empiricism combined Self-Theory - that human behavior is smooth running and consistent Self-Actualization- situation that exist when a person is acting in accordance with his/her full potential Situation Variables- Those variables found in the environment thought to be responsible for behavior Synthesizing function of a theory- theory’s ability to draw together and explain several loose explanations Teleological behavior- Purposeful behavior Altruistic Surrender- Ego defense mechanism by Anna Freud by which a person internalizes the values of another person and lives their life in accordance with those values Anal Expulsive- Fixation in early anal stage, trouble with bowel control and overly generous Anal Retentive- Fixation at later anal stage, constipation and may be a stingy person Anal Stage- Second psychosexual stage occurs during the second year of life Anticathexis- expenditure of energy to prevent a cathexis that would cause anxiety Anxiety- general feeling of impending misfortune or danger Hippolyte Berheim- French neurologist from which Freud was inspired to theorize about the unconscious
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This note was uploaded on 04/03/2008 for the course PSYC 101 taught by Professor Maier during the Spring '08 term at Salisbury University.

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Personality - Determinism- Belief that all behavior is...

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