Language engagement may be external as well as...

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i.Language engagement may be external as well as internal; with altitudes and choicesof speakers playing the major role. External forces include military economic,religious, cultural or educations subjugation, while internal forces are mainly relatedto negative attitudes towards its own language’s language generally disappears whenits speakers disappear or when they shift to speak another language often, a largelanguage by a more powerful group. ii.Urbanization has also led to the endangerment of indigenous language: Cities havebeen cited as cultural melting points. They often bring along the loss of traditionalways of life and strong pressure necessary for arid participation that is economicadvancement. In Kenya’s case for example, children born in upper and middle income families incities and towns are more likely to learn English and Kiswahili ore even Germanbefore their mother tongue. iii.Intermarriages: The intermarriages between two people from different ethnic groupscan lead to the loss of a language. Marriages where on parents speaks a minority

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