History Notes Final

History Notes Final - Napoleon Bonaparte His rise to power...

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Napoleon Bonaparte- His rise to power was considered largely in part to the French Revolution - Born a Corsican he was teased for his ethnicity - He was Considered especially intelligent - Josephine was his wife and due to her numerous affairs he was forced to come home to keep an eye on her - Lost many of his troops through attrition during a Russian winter - Lost the remainder of his troops in the battle of Waterloo - Exiled to Alva - Nationalist Congress of Vienna- A Congress that never fully assembled the point of it was to discuss land partition and terms of defeat following Napoleon’s campaign -Many social events surrounding Vienna -Benedict paid wine merchants and prostitutes to spy on the aristocrats Agriculture revolution- The beginning of agrarian capitalism… when farms were used more as factories than for subsistence - 3 field system spring fall and fallow - This was replaced by the concept of Crop rotation Arcadian Myth- The idea that life was better before the agricultural revolution and later the industrial revolution Industrialization- Britain was the first nation to industrialize in Europe - Before industrialization a guild controlled an industry and highly trained artisans were expected to carry out the work - After the industrial revolution most guilds gave way to factories because factories could create products faster and quicker - Urban sprawls were created spans of unplanned growth within towns that quickly caused chaos to the inhabitants Middle Class- A new class that was formed after the industrial revolution took place, this took social classes away from the estate system and into the class system - Property ownership became the new means for determining one’s social worth - Education was not yet much of a factor in determining social rank many scholars professions believed that it should - Men were pressured to work while women were encouraged to stay at home Working class- Similar to the middle class this class was not as wealthy and had to work on a regular basis to maintain their basic needs
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- People of this class worked the lower tier jobs such as factories, mines, and assembly lines - Because of this class man power becomes a market commodity - Skilled members of the working class often made a slight amount more than those with no skill however they were far from treated fairly - Often more people than jobs - Jobs had long hours with low pay - Many injuries on the job - Many diseases from the job Liberalism- classically is the stress of the rights and autonomy of the individual it tended to be an ideology of reform - Liberalists wanted a Constitution Utilitarianism- Jeremy Bentham supported this philosophy stating that positive actions were those that increased the overall happiness towards the greatest number of people Socialism- A form of government that attempts to make all subject equal - Supported a radical concept of political and material equality - Wanted cooperation among businesses - Production was supposed to be planned not based on competition but on
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History Notes Final - Napoleon Bonaparte His rise to power...

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