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ME 403-102Prof. Kountouras3/7/2014Homework #5: The Patent Process in EngineeringThe United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) is the Federal agency that grants U.S patents and registering trademarks. The USPTO mission is to promote theprogress of science and the useful arts by securing for limited times to inventors the exclusive right to their respective discoveries. The USPTO protects the intellectual property of the individuals and enforces others to give royalty to the original inventor. The USPTO advises the President of the United States, the Secretary of Commerce, and U.S. Government agencies on intellectual property policy, protection, and enforcement. Italso works with other agencies to protect ideas and innovations. Apple Incorporation and Samsung Electronics have a series of lawsuits between the design of smartphones and tablet computers since the spring of 2011. By August 2011, Apple and Samsung were litigating 19 ongoing cases in nine countries. By July