Created by: Nick Healey, Nayman Leung, Suyaib Ahmed, Raymond Guo, Elia Martin, Richard Chen,Alex Li and Prem C.1Unit 4 Part 1 Review Guide (Chapters 17-22)hue 1. What was the impact of long distance exploration on the global economy? a.The global economy saw enormous growth, Slaves became a thing, Spain becamehuge off of the natives, more goods and money in general going through the market. Also the transatlantic trade triangle. 2. What was the main purpose of the voyages of Zheng He?a.Diplomatic. Wanted to get tributary states and delegates. Also wanted to show China power 3. What caused the Ming to end their voyages of exploration? a.High Chinese officials opposed contact with barbarians. Thought they gave no contribution to China.b.The Ming experienced pressure from invaders along its land borders, causing it to draw back in terms of overseas probingc.Zheng He's expeditions were a personal project of emperor Yongle, so when his rule ended, sou did much of the empire's "enthusiasm" for exploration 4. What maritime countries were the earliest to engage in long-distance trade and exploration?a.Primarily the Iberian countries (Spain and Portugal)i.The Portuguese sailed around Africa, and investigated the Indian Ocean. Henry the Navigator was a Portuguese prince who encouraged explorationin his country and sponsored many voyages. 5.What factors contributed to the population decline in the Americas? a.Diseases like smallpox, to which the Europeans were immune, but that killed many natives.b.The Europeans had superior weapons and were quite brutal 6. Why did the Portuguese get involved in the trans-Atlantic Slave Trade? a.To sell slaves as laborers to work on tobacco and sugar plantations in the New World 7.How did the trans-Atlantic slave trade impact Africa? 8. How did the system of mercantilism impact European Trade? a.Allowed the governments to protect the commercial interests of its citizens and businessesb.Mercantilist policies discouraged citizens from trading with foreign merchants and used armed force when necessary to secure exclusive relations 1
Created by: Nick Healey, Nayman Leung, Suyaib Ahmed, Raymond Guo, Elia Martin, Richard Chen,Alex Li and Prem C.2 9.