BecerraIM_ch02 - Instructor's Manual The Nature of...

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Instructor's Manual The Nature of Knowledge 2-1 Chapter 2 The Nature of Knowledge Teaching Objectives To help the student understand the differences among knowledge, data, and information To explain to the students the alternative views of knowledge To help the student understand the different types of knowledge To help the student recognize the various locations of knowledge Key Terms The following alphabetical list identifies the key terms discussed in this chapter. The page number for each key term is provided. Associational expertise, p. 21 Codifiability, p. 23 Contextually specific knowledge, p. 20 Data, p. 12 Declarative knowledge, p. 19 Deep expertise, p. 23 Expertise, p. 21 Explicit knowledge, p. 19 General knowledge, p. 20 Information, p. 12 Knowledge, p. 12 Motor skills expertise, p. 22 Procedural knowledge, p. 19 Specific knowledge, p. 20 Tacit knowledge, p. 20 Teachability, p. 24 Technically specific knowledge, p. 20 Teaching Suggestions Using this chapter with undergraduate students should focus more on supplementing the examples from this chapter with additional examples. This would help enhance the likelihood of the students’ comprehending the key concepts of data, information, and knowledge, as well as the various types and reservoirs of knowledge. For undergraduate students, the instructor might consider excluding the section on Alternative Views of Knowledge. In using this chapter with graduate students, the instructor should incorporate the entire chapter, with detailed discussion not only of the various types and reservoirs of knowledge, but also the section on Alternative Views of Knowledge. The instructor might also consider generating in- class discussion among students regarding the relative advantages of tacit and explicit knowledge, objective and subjective views of knowledge, and so on.
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Instructor's Manual The Nature of Knowledge 2-2 Review Questions 1. How do the terms “data” and “knowledge” differ? Describe each term with the help of a similar example, elucidating the difference between the two. To examine the differences between the terms data and knowledge, we need to understand the meaning of these terms. Data comprises facts, observations, or perceptions that by themselves represent raw numbers or assertions, and may therefore be devoid of context, meaning, or intent. Some examples of data could be: a. The age and gender of each spectator in a ballpark during a game. b. The price of each model of personal computer from every possible vendor at a particular point in time. On the other hand, Knowledge has been distinguished from data in two different ways. A more simplistic view considers knowledge as being at the highest level in a hierarchy with information at the middle level and data at the lowest level. For example, an e-mail address is a piece of data, the fact that it belongs to a customer is information, and the fact that this customer needs to be e-mailed reminders every week to pay last month’s
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This note was uploaded on 04/06/2010 for the course MIS econ, mis, taught by Professor Mohammed during the Spring '10 term at École Normale Supérieure.

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BecerraIM_ch02 - Instructor's Manual The Nature of...

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