Environment_Term_Test_2002 - Environment Term Test -...

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Environment Term Test - December 14, 2002 1. Why are there no known rock or mineral grains of terrestrial origin that are older than 4.2 billion years? a. The Earth is only 4.2 billion years old, therefore there can’t be any rocks or minerals of terrestrial origin that are older than this. b. The early surface of the planet was completely transformed as a result of meteorite bombardment, tectonic movement, and erosion; no rocks or minerals grains survived from this early period. c. Rocks of that era in Earth history were blown away by solar wind, during the creation of the Earth’s secondary atmosphere. d. All of the above are true. 2. Which one of the following does not belong with the others? a. Rift b. Midocean ridge c. Transform fault d. Convergent plate margin 3. Which one of the following is an incorrect response? The magnitude of an earthquake correlates positively with the a. Area of the fault plane undergoing slip. b. Type of seismic waves emitted by the earthquake. c. Strength of the surrounding rocks. d. Amount of displacement (or slip). 4. Which one of the following does not belong with the others? a. Hawaii b. Explosive stratovolcano c. Hot spot d. Volcanic islands e. Seamount 5. The asthenosphere
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a. Is the main source of basaltic magma. b. Is a zone of weakness where partial melting occurs in the upper mantle. c. Underlies the cooler, more rigid lithosphere. d. All of the above are true. 6. Which one of the following statements about electromagnetic radiation is incorrect ? a. The amount of energy in radiation depends on its wavelength. b. Radiation with short wavelengths is less powerful than radiation with long wavelengths. c. Energy emitted by both the Sun and the Earth travels through space in the form of electromagnetic radiation. d. Longwave or infrared radiation is not visible to the human eye, but we feel it as heat. 7. Which one of the following does not belong with the others? a. Astenosphere b. Troposphere c. Stratosphere d. Thermosphere 8. Which one of the following is not important as a greenhouse gas? a. Methane (CH 4 ) b. Carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) c. Sulfur dioxide (SO 2 ) d. Water vapour (H 2 O) e. Ozone (O 3 ) 9. Which one of the following statements about air masses is incorrect ? a. A mass of cool air weighs more than an equal volume of warm air. b. When two air masses of different temperature and density meet, they do not mix easily. c. Rising air expands, causing cooling.
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d. Fronts are zones of gentle gradients in temperature, commonly associated with regions of low atmospheric pressure. 10. The Earth’s surface rotates from _____; this motion would look _____ if we could look down on it from above the North Pole. a. West to east . .. anticlockwise b. East to west . .. anticlockwise c. West to east . .. clockwise d. East to west . .. clockwise 11. The mass flux of a pollutant entering Lake Ontario via river water would be the a. Concentration of the pollutant in river water times the amount of river water flowing into the lake in a given unit of time. b.
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Environment_Term_Test_2002 - Environment Term Test -...

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