the belief in the existence of one
, or in the
solemn contract between God and Abraham
chosenness is the belief that the Jews are a
to be in a covenant with
God. The idea is not connected with tribal groupings as they are traditionally understood, as non-
ethnic Jews can become Jews.
religious leader, lawgiver,
, and military leader, to whom the
is traditionally attributed.
Moses was born to a
mother who hid him when a
ordered all newborn
Hebrew boys to be killed, and ended up being adopted into the
royal family. After killing
an Egyptian slave master, he fled and became a shepherd, and was later commanded by
deliver the Hebrews from slavery. After the
were unleashed on
, he led the
Hebrew slaves out of Egypt, through the
, and they wandered in the desert for 40 years.
Despite living to 120, he did not enter the
Land of Israel
, as he disobeyed God when God
instructed him on how to bring forth water from a rock in the desert - instead of once, he struck the
rock twice, due to doubt.
ritual feast held on the first night of the
15th day of Hebrew month of
). Outside of Israel, the Seder is held twice, on the first and
second nights of Passover (the 15th and 16th days of
). According to the Gregorian calendar,
the holiday usually comes out in April. Families gather around the table on the night of Passover
to read the
, the story of the Israelite exodus from Egypt. Seder customs include drinking
of four cups of wine, eating
and partaking of symbolic foods placed on the
. The Seder is a family ritual, although communal Seders are also organized by synagogues,
schools and community centers. These Seders are usually open to the general public. With the
Haggadah serving as a guide, the Seder is performed in much the same way all over the world.
meaning "telling," is a fulfillment of the
your son" about the Jewish liberation from slavery in
, as described in the book of
the most important document in Judaism, revered as the inspired word of
traditionally said to have been revealed to
. The word Torah means "
", or "
. Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy.
based on the tradition that the law (Torah) revealed at Sinai had both a
written and oral form. The written part consists in the Torah, or the five books of
. The oral
revelation was transmitted by word of mouth from the generation present at Sinai to their
descendants up to the time of the second
Temple in Jerusalem
. The oral law was subsequently
codified in the Mishna and Gemarah, and is interpreted by