Religious Studies Midterm

Religious Studies Midterm - JUDAISM TERMS Monotheism- the...

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JUDAISM TERMS Monotheism- the belief in the existence of one deity , or in the oneness of God. Covenant- solemn contract between God and Abraham Chosen People- chosenness is the belief that the Jews are a people chosen to be in a covenant with God. The idea is not connected with tribal groupings as they are traditionally understood, as non- ethnic Jews can become Jews. Moses- religious leader, lawgiver, prophet , and military leader, to whom the authorship of the Torah is traditionally attributed. Exodus- Moses was born to a Hebrew mother who hid him when a Pharaoh ordered all newborn Hebrew boys to be killed, and ended up being adopted into the Egyptian royal family. After killing an Egyptian slave master, he fled and became a shepherd, and was later commanded by God to deliver the Hebrews from slavery. After the Ten Plagues were unleashed on Egypt , he led the Hebrew slaves out of Egypt, through the Red Sea , and they wandered in the desert for 40 years. Despite living to 120, he did not enter the Land of Israel , as he disobeyed God when God instructed him on how to bring forth water from a rock in the desert - instead of once, he struck the rock twice, due to doubt. Passover/Seder- a Jewish ritual feast held on the first night of the Jewish holiday of Passover (the 15th day of Hebrew month of Nisan ). Outside of Israel, the Seder is held twice, on the first and second nights of Passover (the 15th and 16th days of Nisan ). According to the Gregorian calendar, the holiday usually comes out in April. Families gather around the table on the night of Passover to read the Haggadah , the story of the Israelite exodus from Egypt. Seder customs include drinking of four cups of wine, eating matza and partaking of symbolic foods placed on the Passover Seder Plate . The Seder is a family ritual, although communal Seders are also organized by synagogues, schools and community centers. These Seders are usually open to the general public. With the Haggadah serving as a guide, the Seder is performed in much the same way all over the world. Haggadah- meaning "telling," is a fulfillment of the scriptural commandment to each Jew to "tell your son" about the Jewish liberation from slavery in Egypt , as described in the book of Exodus in the Torah . Torah- the most important document in Judaism, revered as the inspired word of God , traditionally said to have been revealed to Moses . The word Torah means " teaching ," " instruction ," " scribe ", or " law " in Hebrew . Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy. Rabbinic Judaism/Rabbi- based on the tradition that the law (Torah) revealed at Sinai had both a written and oral form. The written part consists in the Torah, or the five books of Moses . The oral revelation was transmitted by word of mouth from the generation present at Sinai to their descendants up to the time of the second Temple in Jerusalem . The oral law was subsequently codified in the Mishna and Gemarah, and is interpreted by
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2010 for the course RS 205 taught by Professor Kloos during the Spring '10 term at Regis University.

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Religious Studies Midterm - JUDAISM TERMS Monotheism- the...

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