Study guide combined

Study guide combined - PGS 101 Combined Study Guide Exam 1...

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PGS 101 – Combined Study Guide Exam 1 Here is a pruned list of key concepts to help you focus when studying for the final. Again, if you understand the concept and can give a description or example of it, you will have mastered it and be able to answer questions related to it. Also, the practice tests will contain items that include these concepts. When I say the item includes the concept, it doesn’t necessary mean that the particular concept is the correct answer for the items. However, by knowing the concept it can be ruled out as an alternative. Chapter 1 Know the origins psychology, including its diverse perspectives and schools, including Structuralism Functionalism Behaviorism Gestalt Psychology Psychoanalysis Humanistic Psychology Biological Psychology Evolutionary Psychology Cognitive Revolution Ethnocentrism Four major areas of applied psychology Chapter 2 Know the basics of the scientific approach, types of research approaches, and descriptive statistics, including Assumptions & goals of psych science Experimental Research Elements of an experiment (RAMM) IVs and DVs Extraneous and confounding variables Experimental group Control group Descriptive research Correlational research Descriptive research Correlation coefficient Biases in research Chapter 3 1
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Know how information in the nervous system is communicated: Neurons and their parts Synapse Organization of the nervous system Efferent vs. afferent fibers Central nervous system Peripheral nervous system Hippocampus Hypothalamus Fight or flight Plasticity of brain Chapter 4 Sensation vs. perception Sensory adaptation Perceptual hypotheses/perceptual sets Cultural effects Gestalt principles Optical illusions Perceptual constancy Chapter 5 Consciousness sleep cycles -   Body goes through 90 min stages :  Stage one  - transitional stage.  Stage two – body temp lowers, sleep onset.  Stage 3 and 4 – Slow wave sleep .  Stage 5  – REM sleep Reticular activating formation Three functions of sleep Sleep disorders insomnia (30-35% of people suffer from), narcolepsy, sleep apnea, night terrors, nightmares and somnambulism. Three theories of dreaming Wish fulfillment (Freud) , Problem solving (Cartwright) , Side effects of neural activation during REM sleep (Hobson) Insomnia 30 – 35% of people suffer from; associated with impaired functioning, depression, and health problems; Has a variety of causes 2
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Theories of hypnosis and research –  Viewed as either an altered state of  consciousness or as a normal state of consciousness in which subjects assume  a hypnotic role Reticular activating system Meditation Night terrors Somnambulism -  Sleepwalking Chapter 6 Sleep disorders insomnia (30-35% of people suffer from), narcolepsy, sleep apnea,
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Study guide combined - PGS 101 Combined Study Guide Exam 1...

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