Learning Objectives: ANP1105Fig.3.2; Marieb & Hoehn, 20071. Structural Organization of the Human Body (2 lectures) 1.1. Describe the levels of structural organization that make up the human body 1.1.1. Define: atom, molecule, organelle, cell, tissue, organ, organ system; give an example of each and localize each in the hierarchy of anatomical structure 1.2. Cells: describe the major structures found in body cells 1.2.1. Define the following cytological terms: cell, nucleus, cytoplasm, plasma membrane, semi-permeable 1.2.2. Define: cytosol, organelle, cell inclusion; list, recognize the structure, and indicate the functions of each of the following organelles: mitochondrion, peroxisomes, endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi apparatus, lysosome 1.2.3. Name and briefly describe the 3 types of cytoskeletal filaments; define centriole and distinguish between a cilium and a flagellum 1.2.4. Briefly describe the structural organization of the nucleus demonstrating your understanding of the terms: nuclear envelope, nuclear pore, nucleolus, chromatin 1.3. Tissues: Describe the different tissues of the human body 1.3.1.Define tissue and demonstrate how the organization of cells into tissues contributes to overall homeostasis1.3.2.List the 4 primary types of tissues1.3.3.Define epithelial tissue and list 6 functions associated with various types of epithelia1.3.4.List and demonstrate your understanding of 7 special structural characteristics of epithelial tissue1.3.5. Indicate the two criteria used to classify epithelial cells 1.3.6. List the 4 types of simple epithelia; indicate the primary functions associated with each and give a sample body location for each type 1.3.7. Describe the structure of stratified squamous epithelium and give a sample body location 1.3.8. Define gland, endocrine gland, exocrine gland 1.3.9. List the 5 types of connective tissue; list the 4 main functions associated with various types of connective tissue 1.3.10. Describe the structural organization of connective tissue in general; distinguish between collagen, elastic and reticular fibers; distinguish between “blast” and “cyte” types of connective tissue cells 1.3.11. List and briefly describe the three types of loose connective tissue; your description should include key functions associated with each type as well as sample body locations 1.3.12. List and briefly describe the 3 types of dense connective tissue; your description should include key functions associated with each type as well as sample body locations 1.3.13. List the other remaining types of connective tissue 2. Cellular Physiology of Nerve and Muscle (5 lectures) 12.1. Membrane Transport 2.1.1. Describe the structure of the plasma membrane 22.214.171.124. Summarize the main features of the fluid mosaic model of plasma membrane structure making use of the following terms: phospholipid bilayer, hydrophilic, hydrophobic 126.96.36.199. Associate functions with each of the following plasma membrane components: peripheral proteins, integral membrane proteins, cytoskeleton, glycocalyx, cholesterol Fig. 11.4; Marieb & Hoehn, 2007
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