02-08 & 02-10

02-08 & 02-10 - Recap Water Quality Act(1965 set...

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Recap: - Water Quality Act (1965) set stream classifications. It also established the Federal Water Pollution Contamination Administration (HEW) which is what evolved into the present day EPA. - Safe Drinking Water Act (1974) set Water Quality Standards. - Water Pollution Control Act (1972) set zero discharge by 1985. - Water Pollution Control Act Amendments (1977) set BCT, BAT , etc. Also established permit program for industry: NPDES (National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System). Effluent guidelines and standards for NPDES are set by EPA and vary from industry to industry. Referred to earlier as the Clean Water Act
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Other Interesting Environmental Laws - National Environmental Policy Act ( NEPA ) (1969) - required environmental impact statements from government agencies before starting a project. the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act ( RECRA ) (1976) called for EPA regulation of solid and hazardous waste disposal. - the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act ( CERCLA ) (1980) gave the EPA authority to clean-up hazardous waste sites and to impose the costs on responsible parties.
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ENVIRONMENTAL LEGISLATION (continued) Change? The legislation listed has been more or less in a constant tug-of-war. Industry would like to weaken standards to encourage growth of business. Turning control over to states has been one suggestion. Environmentally active organizations want to strengthen standards and their enforcement. *Example Safe Drinking Water Act: EPA (pre-Ruckelshaus) was seeking to turn the program over to states, the Senate had threatened to legally supersede the new EPA regulations. Ruckelshaus made "significant revisions" on the previous administrator's (Anne Burford) proposal and the Senate agreed not to intercede.
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