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Chapter 11 - Development

Chapter 11 - Development - 1Chapter 11 – Development...

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Unformatted text preview: 1Chapter 11 – Development across the Lifespan PreNatal • Stages: • Germinal (1 st two weeks) • Rapid division • Implanted onto uterus • Zygote embryo -( o) Placenta • Embryonic (2 weeks – 2 months) • 2.5cm • Looks human; organs not yet developed • Fetal (2 months, birth, muscles, bones develop) • Environment & Development • Nutrition • Malnutrition psychiatric disorders low birth weight heart disease diabetes • Drugs Dad: alcohol, cocaine damage sperm Mom: born with addictions : Cocaine, pot: cognitive, physical difficulties : FAS: physical small hand, heart defects, delayed motor development, mentally challenged • Illness Rubella, STDs, flu, AIDs Childhood • Motor development Necessary reflexes: Suckling: Rooting : Swallowing: Grasping Cephalocaudal Movement – Babies gain control over upper body before lower body 1 Rub Proximodistal Movement – Babies gain control over torsos before extremities • Norms = Milestones – median age at which kids show abilities Rolling over – 3 months Sitting – 5½ months Walking – 1 year • Cultural variation + historical In developmental milestones: not static • Temperaments • Inhibited vs. Uninhibited Inhibited: Shy, timidity, slow to warm up, difficult babies, wariness of unfamiliar people Uninhibited: Easy going, less restrained, good with strangers Not unchangeable • Attachment Physical Both parents meeting child’s needs Emotional Fatherhood attachment (over/above mom) • Cognitive development • Emotional regulation • Academic achievement 2 § Upset when parent leaves Highly resilient and better cognitive development • Attachment and Daycare Booth • Compared fulltime daycare v. stay at home kids with parents (30 hours over 15 months) • Cognitive development • Language development • Child engaged with mother No difference • Attachment styles • Erikson’s Personality development • Trust vs. Mistrust When/how the infant’s needs are met determines whether the child sees the world as a good or a bad place • Autonomy vs. Shame/doubt If the terrible twos phase is handled with patience, guidance autonomy 3 •...
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