Quiz3 - PART ONE The Materials of Music - -~ I- +-\ t- 'I Z...

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PART ONE The Materials of Music
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--- - ---;L-- -- ..... -.,. ..- - \ __ --;~.l-+- -_-=- :-:: ;'-=. ..;;.; -~ t- 'I +-- \ I- - Z ~- =:> - - The Elements of Music Prelude Listening to Today 't\}r, Music . .. {I1/WHic bfyO!1d nil IVI: do Irerd" -/\LBUS DUMBLI!I)(JRE. HEAllMASTER. HUGWARTS SCHOOL UI' \VlTl:HCRAFT AND WIZAR[}RY With incrC<lsed pcrson<llization and purWbilily.tcdmolugy like the il'oo has tnmsforrm:d till' WilY we liswn to music. Our lives arc conswl1lly changing. with new avenues uf the supertcchnology highway opening c\'cry day. This technological rc\'()lution has a strong impact on our work and our leisure activities. It also conditions how. when. and where we listen to music. From the moment we arc awakened by our clock radios or cell phone ring tones. our days unfold against a musical background. We listen to music-in our cars. on the ITIO\'e with our iPods and mp3 players in hand. and at hume for relaxatiun. We can hardly avoid it in grocery and department stores. in restaurants and elcvators. at the dentisfs orlkc. or at work. Wc also experience music at live concerts---outduor festivals. rock concerts. jazz elubs. symphony halls. opera stages-and we hcar it on television. at the movies. and on the fnternel. Since the advent uf MTV in 1981 ,J1ld music video duwn- loads. our means for "listening" to popular music has becomc an multimedia cxperience. This increascd use of our eyes makes our ears work less actively. a trend we will attempt to counteract in this book. Composcrs have welcomcd the technological revolu- tion: tbe basic tools of music composition-formerly. H pen, music paper, and a piano--now include a computer, a laser printer. and a synthesi:wr. Modern technulogy has 2
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3 provided us with a wider diversity of lllusicof e\'ery historical period. with every kind of instrument. and from every corner of the globe than has ever been available before. Given this diversity. we must choose our path of study. Tn this book. we will focus un the classics of Western music while also pay· ing special attention to the important innu- ences that traditional. pupular. and non-Western musics hHve had on the Euro- pean and American heritage. Our purpose is to expand the listening experience throu gh ,J heightened awareness of many styles of music. including those representing various subcultures of the American population. We will hear the uniquely American fomls of ragtime. blues. jazz. and musical theater. as well as rock and contemporary world music. The book seeks 10 place music, whether ar!. traditional. or popu lar. within its cultural context. and to highlight the relationships between different styles. It also helps you make connections in your broad range of studies. To this end. the Cultural Perspectives (informative boxed texts placed throughout the book) open windows onto the music of other cultures and the interrelationship among music and other fields of study. including science, philosophy. religion. literature. economics. political science. sociology. and the fine arts. You can Hlso explore these topics further on the Enjoyment online StudySpm:c (www.wwnorton.com/enjoy). which proVides links to rel<lted sites of interest.
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Quiz3 - PART ONE The Materials of Music - -~ I- +-\ t- 'I Z...

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