quiz4 - -\ f~ +-\ z :J t- 'I \ \ \ \ \ ~- -t-: Musical...

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-\\ t-- 'I \ +-- \ \ f- \ \ - ~ z \ ~ ::J - - - -t---------: Musical Instruments and Ensembles 7 Voices aud [f1struflleflt Fafllilies "Tt \Vas Illy idea to make my voice lVork ill the S(lIIIe way Ill> a tromboue or vio/i/l--/lOt sowldillH like them bllt 'pluyiJrg' tlw voice like thOSI: irlslrulIlmls." -FRI\NK SiNATRA I ~K,-"EcY,-,P~O""I"N~T~S,,-- ~ StudySpace onljne 01 wwwwwoorloocooo/enjoy o Properties of sound include pilCh. duration. volume. and Umbre. or lone color. e An ;/lslrllmellt gcncnllcs vibrations and transmits them into the air. o The human \'oice can be categorized into various ranges. including .~oprl/lllJ illto for female vuices. and hmOf and bass for male vuices. CDiMaterials TilJlbre o The wurld instrument c1assificatiun system divides into (lerop/lOlles (such as nulcs or horns). c1lOrtfo- pllOlles (such as violins or guitars), itliaplwlles (such as bclls or cymbals) and IIIembrwlOpllOlles (drums). 36 We know lhLlt musicLlI tonc hLls pitch. dumtion. and volume. A fourth property of Timbre sound-knuwn LlS tune colur. ur timbre-Llccounts for the striking differences in the sound quality of instrumcnts. It is what makes a trumpct sound altogethcr differcnt from Ll guitm or a drum. Timbrc is influcnced by a number of factors. such LlS thc size. shape, and proportions of the instrumcnt. the material from which it is made.
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7 Voicc~ <llIrI M(J~ic<l1 III~trlJlIlclit ~<llIlilic~ _. 37 IN HIS OWN WORDS If you ((Ill w(llk yOIl {'(III di/llfe. If ('II!! wlk yOll flill sillg. -Zl.\lMIHI'E PROITRIl VoC,l1 r:mgcs The Voice as IlIslrulllelil and the rmmner in 'which the vibration is produccd. A string. for example. may be bowed. pluckcd. or struck. Pcoplc produce music voc<llly (by singing or chanting) or by playing a musical instrument. An instrument is a mechanism that generates musical vibrations and Instrument launches them into the air. Each voice type and instrument has a limited melodic range (the distance from the lowest lo the highest lone) and dynamic range (the degree of softness or loudness beyond which the voice or instrument cannot go). \<\Ie describe a spccific area in the range of an instrument or voice. such as low. middle. or high. as ils reflister. Register The human voice is the must natural of all musical instruments: it is also one of the most widcly used-all cultures have some form of vocal music. Each person's voicc has a particular quality. or character. and range. Our standard designations for vocal ranges. from highest to lowest. <Ire supranu, lIIe::U-SUIJrtIllO. and /11/0 (shurt for contraJto) for female voices. and tellor. baritolle. amI btlSS for male voiccs. Tn earlier cms. Western social and religious customs scvcrely restricted womcn's participation in public musical events. Thus young boys. amI occasionally adult malcs with soprano- or alto-range voices. sang fcmale roles in church music and on the stage. Tn the sixteenth century. women singers came into prominence in secular (nonreligious) music. Tenors were most often feiltured as soloists in early opera: the lower male voices. baritone ilnd bass. became popular soloists in the eighteenth cen- tury. In uther cullures. the suund of women's vuices has always been preferred fur
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quiz4 - -\ f~ +-\ z :J t- 'I \ \ \ \ \ ~- -t-: Musical...

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