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Unformatted text preview: Cairo University
Electronics and Communications Engineering Technical English, Lecture 8:
Web pages Hossam A. H. Fahmy © 2006 What goes on the web? As time passes, people provide more of the following materials on the
web, in universities 2 0 research publications,
0 class materials,
0 schedules, 0 annminccmcnts, . . .
in companies : 0 product manuals,
0 white papers7
0 marketing and sales materials, 0 announcements, . . . You might want to design and publish some pages regarding your work
either to the whole world or internally within your organization. Focus on your goals When composing a set of pages7 think about
0 the purpose,
0 the audience,
0 the work of the “competition”,
0 the content and the means to provide it,
o the look and feeling you want to give for your pages7 o the timeline (when are the pages required and how often sould
they be updated), and 0 those who will test the pages. Questions What is the ﬁrst thing that appears in a page? What do you do if the page does not satisfy your request? 7 W hat is the speed of the connection that you often use? Where you ever “lost” on the web? Do you turn off the download of images sometimes? How often did you get “404 Not Found”? in Think about the usage Within the page : use descriptive titles, put the important material ﬁrst, limit the content on the page, limit the size (in bytes) of the page to speed the download,
consider the balance of “white”7 and “gray”, use the graphics coherently, and avoid generic information. Between pages : avoid “dead-ends”,
ensure that all the links are working, do not use click here. Guide the reader We want to provide a focused message. 0 Non-textual materials (graphics, audio, video, .. . ) are good aids to the text in technical documents. Consider the informa-
tion they provide when deciding their position and size. 0 A paragraph must provide some information. It should not be
just a list of links. A reader is easily distracted. o The whole site should have a similar design to give a feeling of
continuity. Through the big maze The organization of the site is important. Users think differently and might want to reach the information
in different ways. Does your site provide that? Is there a way to search within the site?
Will I be able to know my position in your site map easily? How many links does a reader use to reach the required infor-
mation? How wide and how deep is the site tree? Standards and extensions The World Wide Web Consortium (http: //www.w3.org/) speciﬁes the
different web standards. What are the languages of the web?
7V hat are cascaded style sheets? What other languages may be used to provide dynamic content? W30 provides some tutorials and helping tools. Be good to others Do not link to “under construction77 pages! Do not use unrelated images or interfering backgrounds.
Do not steal. Provide “ALT”7 tags. Provide the information of the webmaster. Think about the disable. ...
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- Spring '09
- World Wide Web, Cairo University, Hossam A. H., Hossam A. H. Fahmy, important material ﬁrst, different web standards