Feb 5 - Ancient Egyptian Civilization Ancient Feb 5 Marking...

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Ancient Egyptian Civilization Ancient Egyptian Civilization Feb. 5 “Marking time, Making History cont.” 34 Dynasties in a nutshell
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Historiography Historiography Writing of history: sources and chronology Three main building blocks of the 34 dynasty chronology 1. Manetho’s 31 dynasties 2. Sothic Cycle 3. King-lists 1. Palermo Stone, Dyn. 5 2. Royal List of Karnak, Thutmose III 3. Royal List of Abydos, Seti I 4. Royal List of Saqqara, Ramesses II 5. Royal Canon of Turin
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Historiography Historiography Writing of history: sources and chronology 1. Manetho (“Beloved of Thoth”?) 3 rd c. BC priest at Heliopolis Fragments of his history known from Josephus’ Jewish Antiquities , 1 st c. CE 1-31 dynasties, starting with Menes, given kingship by Horus. ( Herodotus was told the first king was Min) Clayton identifies Hor-Aha with Men (=Menes) Add Macedonian, Ptolemaic (Cleopatra last) Add Dyn 0 for 34 total dynasties This is not Manetho Bust of Josephus
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Historiography Historiography Three main building blocks of the 34 dynasty chronology 2. Sothic Cycle A.k.a. Sirius, and to Egyptians, Sopdet Rising tended to coincide with inundation, marking New Year But… civic calendar of 365 days mis-aligned with solar calendar of 365.25. ... Thus New Year and Sothic rising coincided every 1460 years Recorded observations of risings and coincidences provide “Linchpins” that connect king-lists to our calendar (thanks to Censorinus, 139 CE observation) Senusret III’s observation of Sothic rising in his year 7, had to have happened in 1872; Dyn. 12 dated as result E. Meyer, 1904, found 6 Sothic observations in texts, created
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This note was uploaded on 04/09/2010 for the course NES 2668 taught by Professor Monroe, c during the Spring '09 term at Cornell.

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Feb 5 - Ancient Egyptian Civilization Ancient Feb 5 Marking...

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