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Feb 15 - Ancient Egyptian Civilization Ancient Mon Feb 15...

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Ancient Egyptian Civilization Ancient Egyptian Civilization Mon, Feb 15 From Villages to Kingdoms: the Predynastic Naqada I-II Periods
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review: Badarian Egypt Badarian Egypt 4500-4000 Earliest agriculture in Upper Egypt and evidence of elite class Status differentiation in wealth of goods, groups of elite graves within cemetery (extramural) ‘ripple bowl’ type-fossil Stone cosmetic palettes—precursors to royal monumental examples Figurines in bone and ivory Hammered copper (Chalcolithic culture) Glazed beads In all, burials suggest belief in a “fully furnished afterlife”
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WMF Petrie and Sequence Dating of Naqada sites, 1892-99 Predynastic pottery styles or types 3000 graves at Naqada: Petrie excavated in 1892 and seriated ( Sequence-Dated ) the pottery types by 1899. Naqada I types were SD 30-39, NII SD 40-52, etc.
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Predynastic Egypt Predynastic Egypt Naqada I (Amratian) 4000-3500 social hierarchy Naqada II (Gerzean) 3500-3150 cultural unification kingship, vaguely & anonymously Naqada III (Dynasty 0) 3150-3050 political unification named kings Type-sites for Badarian and Naqada cultures
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Naqada I (Amratian) 4000-3550 Naqada I (Amratian) 4000-3550 Red slipped and black-top ware more common, incl. white decorated Similar to Badarian (but assemblages more important than single type-fossils/artifact types) Brownish Badarian and Naqada thought to imitate leather.
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Naqada I (Amratian) 4000-3550 Naqada I (Amratian) 4000-3550 ‘Moscow Bowl’ w/hunter Others w/ warrior scenes Rectangular burials, some with wood or clay coffins (here, one from NII) lower Egypt crown
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Naqada I (Amratian) 4000-3550 Naqada I (Amratian) 4000-3550
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