Jan 29 - Ancient Egyptian Civilization Ancient Jan 29...

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Ancient Egyptian Civilization Ancient Egyptian Civilization Jan 29 Friday “The Long Discovery of Ancient Egypt, II”
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Three phases: Three phases: 1. Exploration, including travel (5 th c. BCE-17 th c. CE) 2. Collecting (17 th -19 th c. CE) 1. Private-antiquarianism 2. Public-museums 3. Archaeology/Egyptology (scientific, 19 th c. - present) Or two: 1. Before Napoleon’s expedition, 1798 2. After Napoleon
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Arab geographers, 7 Arab geographers, 7 th th c. ff. c. ff. 12 th c. map by Al-Idrisi Later map on left Building on forgotten scientific works of Greeks, such as Strabo and Ptolemy
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Near East explorers, Near East explorers, 5 5 th th c. BCE – 17 c. BCE – 17 th th c. c. 5 th c. BC Herodotus , Greek historian cites geographic work of earlier Hekataios of Miletos 3 rd c. CE Eusebius, bishop of Caesarea, Onomasticon, list of place-names 4th c. CE, pilgrimmage of Queen Helena, mother of emperor Constantine 7th c. ff. Arab explorers and Ptolemy’s geography (2 nd c. AD) 9 th c. Caliph al-Mamun penetrates the pyramids for the treasure or the hidden knowledge? vinegar and battering ram—hole still used for tourists
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Arab geographers Arab geographers 13 th c. Yaqut al-Hamavi (Yakut) wrote Mujam al-Buldan Slave, merchant’s assistant, scholar. A foundational work in encyclopedic geography. Copied into 6 volumes of German in 17 th c.
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Near East explorers, 5 Near East explorers, 5 th th c. BCE – 17 c. BCE – 17 th th c. c. 1480, 83 German friar, Felix Fabri Wanderings in Palestine and Egypt (click) Felix to visit Corfu, Crete, Cyprus, Jerusalem, Aqaba, Cairo, Alexandria 1400 -1700 at least 200 accounts of pilgrimages to Egypt and Palestine.
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Hor-Apollo’s Hieroglyphica Hieroglyphica Conceived in 5 th c., re-discovered, published in 1505 during Renaissance Believed hieroglyphs were a system of symbols for recording moral and natural truths. “Symbology” E.g., The world as self-eating serpent; sun and moon as eternity; stork as parenthood . Appealing to Europeans, but held back actual
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Jan 29 - Ancient Egyptian Civilization Ancient Jan 29...

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