datasheet1 - SN54/74LS181 4-BIT ARITHMETIC LOGIC UNIT The...

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Unformatted text preview: SN54/74LS181 4-BIT ARITHMETIC LOGIC UNIT The SN54 / 74LS181 is a 4-bit Arithmetic Logic Unit (ALU) which can perform all the possible 16 logic, operations on two variables and a variety of arithmetic operations. 4-BIT ARITHMETIC LOGIC UNIT • Provides 16 Arithmetic Operations Add, Subtract, Compare, Double, Plus Twelve Other Arithmetic Operations LOW POWER SCHOTTKY • Provides all 16 Logic Operations of Two Variables Exclusive — OR, Compare, AND, NAND, OR, NOR, Plus Ten other Logic Operations • Full Lookahead for High Speed Arithmetic Operation on Long Words • Input Clamp Diodes CONNECTION DIAGRAM DIP (TOP VIEW) VCC A1 24 23 B1 22 A2 21 B2 20 A3 19 B3 18 G Cn+4 17 16 J SUFFIX CERAMIC CASE 623-05 24 P A=B F3 15 14 13 1 N SUFFIX PLASTIC CASE 649-03 24 1 1 B0 2 A0 3 S3 4 S2 5 S1 6 S0 7 Cn 8 M 9 F0 10 F1 11 12 F2 GND ORDERING INFORMATION NOTE: The Flatpak version has the same pinouts (Connection Diagram) as the Dual In-Line Package. SN54LSXXXJ SN74LSXXXN Ceramic Plastic LOGIC SYMBOL PIN NAMES LOW HIGH A0 – A3, B0 – B3 S0 – S3 M Cn F0 – F3 A=B G P Cn+4 2 1 23 22 21 20 19 18 LOADING (Note a) Operand (Active LOW) Inputs 1.5 U.L. Function — Select Inputs 2.0 U.L. Mode Control Input 0.5 U.L. Carry Input 2.5 U.L. Function (Active LOW) Outputs 10 U.L. Comparator Output Open Collector Carry Generator (Active LOW) 10 U.L. Output Carry Propagate (Active LOW) 10 U.L. Output Carry Output 10 U.L. 0.75 U.L. 1.0 U.L. 0.25 U.L. 1.25 U.L. 5 (2.5) U.L. 5 (2.5) U.L. 10 U.L. 5 U.L. 5 (2.5) U.L. NOTES: a. 1 TTL Unit Load (U.L.) = 40 µA HIGH/1.6 mA LOW. b. The Output LOW drive factor is 2.5 U.L. for Military (54) and 5 U.L. for Commercial (74) b. Temperature Ranges. FAST AND LS TTL DATA 5-332 7 8 6 5 4 3 Cn M A0 B0 A1 B1 A2 B2 A3 B3 Cn+4 A=B 16 G 17 P 15 S0 S1 S2 S3 F 0 F1 F2 F3 9 10 11 13 VCC = PIN 24 GND = PIN 12 14 SN54/74LS181 LOGIC DIAGRAM 7 8 Cn M 2 1 A0 23 B0 22 A1 21 20 B1 A2 19 18 B2 A3 B3 6 S0 S1 5 S2 4 S3 3 VCC = PIN 24 GND = PIN 12 = PIN NUMBERS 9 F0 10 F1 A=B 14 11 F2 13 F3 P 15 16 Cn+4 G 17 FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION The SN54 / 74LS181 is a 4-bit high speed parallel Arithmetic Logic Unit (ALU). Controlled by the four Function Select Inputs (S0 . . . S3) and the Mode Control Input (M), it can perform all the 16 possible logic operations or 16 different arithmetic operations on active HIGH or active LOW operands. The Function Table lists these operations. When the Mode Control Input (M) is HIGH, all internal carries are inhibited and the device performs logic operations on the individual bits as listed. When the Mode Control Input is LOW, the carries are enabled and the device performs arithmetic operations on the two 4-bit words. The device incorporates full internal carry lookahead and provides for either ripple carry between devices using the Cn+4 output, or for carry lookahead between packages using the signals P (Carry Propagate) and G (Carry Generate), P and G are not affected by carry in. When speed requirements are not stringent, the LS181 can be used in a simple ripple carry mode by connecting the Carry Output (Cn+4) signal to the Carry Input (Cn) of the next unit. For high speed operation the LS181 is used in conjunction with the 9342 or 93S42 carry lookahead circuit. One carry lookahead package is required for each group of the four LS181 devices. Carry lookahead can be provided at various levels and offers high speed capability over extremely long word lengths. The A = B output from the LS181 goes HIGH when all four F outputs are HIGH and can be used to indicate logic equivalence over four bits when the unit is in the subtract mode. The A = B output is open collector and can be wired-AND with other A = B outputs to give a comparison for more then four bits. The A = B signal can also be used with the Cn+4 signal to indicate A>B and A<B. The Function Table lists the arithmetic operations that are performed without a carry in. An incoming carry adds a one to each operation. Thus, select code LHHL generates A minus B minus 1 (2s complement notation) without a carry in and generates A minus B when a carry is applied. Because subtraction is actually performed by complementary addition (1s complement), a carry out means borrow; thus a carry is generated when there is no underflow and no carry is generated when there is underflow. As indicated, the LS181 can be used with either active LOW inputs producing active LOW outputs or with active HIGH inputs producing active HIGH outputs. For either case the table lists the operations that are performed to the operands labeled inside the logic symbol. FAST AND LS TTL DATA 5-333 SN54/74LS181 FUNCTION TABLE MODE SELECT INPUTS ACTIVE LOW INPUTS & OUTPUTS S3 S2 S1 L L L L L L L L H H H H H H H H L L L L H H H H L L L L H H H H L L H H L L H H L L H H L L H H L H L H L H L H L H L H L H L H LOGIC (M = H) S0 ACTIVE HIGH INPUTS & OUTPUTS ARITHMETIC** (M = L) (Cn = L) LOGIC (M = H) A A minus 1 AB AB minus 1 A+B AB minus 1 Logical 1 minus 1 A+B A plus (A + B) B AB plus (A + B) A⊕B A minus B minus 1 A+B A+B AB A plus (A + B) A⊕B A plus B B AB plus (A + B) A+B A+B Logical 0 A plus A* AB AB plus A AB AB plus A A A ARITHMETIC** (M = L) (Cn = H) A A A+B A+B AB A+B Logical 0 minus 1 AB A plus AB B (A + B) plus AB A⊕B A minus B minus 1 AB AB minus 1 A+B A plus AB A⊕B A plus B B (A + B) plus AB AB AB minus 1 Logical 1 A plus A* A+B (A + B) plus A A+B (A + B) Plus A A A minus 1 L = LOW Voltage Level H = HIGH Voltage Level **Each bit is shifted to the next more significant position **Arithmetic operations expressed in 2s complement notation LOGIC SYMBOLS ACTIVE LOW OPERANDS ACTIVE HIGH OPERANDS 2 1 23 22 21 20 19 18 7 8 6 5 4 3 Cn M A0 B0 A1 B1 A2 B2 A3 B3 Cn+4 A=B LS181 G 4 BIT ARITHMETIC LOGIC UNIT P S0 S1 S2 S3 F 0 F1 F2 10 11 16 7 14 8 17 6 5 4 3 F3 9 2 1 23 22 21 20 19 18 13 15 A0 B0 A1 B1 A2 B2 A3 B3 Cn+4 A=B LS181 G S0 4 BIT ARITHMETIC S1 LOGIC UNIT P S2 S3 F F1 F2 F3 0 Cn M 9 10 11 16 14 17 15 13 GUARANTEED OPERATING RANGES Symbol Parameter Min Typ Max Unit VCC Supply Voltage 54 74 4.5 4.75 5.0 5.0 5.5 5.25 V TA Operating Ambient Temperature Range 54 74 – 55 0 25 25 125 70 °C IOH Output Current — High 54, 74 – 0.4 mA IOL Output Current — Low 54 74 4.0 8.0 mA VOH Output Voltage — High (A = B only) 54, 74 5.5 V FAST AND LS TTL DATA 5-334 SN54/74LS181 DC CHARACTERISTICS OVER OPERATING TEMPERATURE RANGE (unless otherwise specified) Limits Symbol Min Parameter VIH Input Clamp Diode Voltage VOH Unit Test Conditions V Input LOW Voltage VIK Max 2.0 Guaranteed Input HIGH Voltage for All Inputs V Input HIGH Voltage VIL Typ Guaranteed Input LOW Voltage for All Inputs V VCC = MIN, IIN = – 18 mA Output HIGH Voltage 54 0.7 74 0.8 – 0.65 – 1.5 54 VOL 3.5 V 74 Output LOW Voltage Except G and P 2.5 2.7 3.5 V VCC = MIN, IOH = MAX, VIN = VIH or VIL per Truth Table 54, 74 0.25 0.4 V IOL = 4.0 mA 74 0.35 0.5 V IOL = 8.0 mA VCC = VCC MIN, VIN = VIL or VIH per Truth Table Output G 54, 74 0.7 V IOL = 16 mA Output P 54 74 0.6 0.5 V IOL = 8.0 mA 54, 74 100 µA VCC = MIN, IOH = MAX, VIN = VIH or VIL per Truth Table µA VCC = MAX, VIN = 2.7 V mA VCC = MAX, VIN = 7.0 V mA VCC = MAX, VIN = 0.4 V mA VCC = MAX mA VCC = MAX IOH Output HIGH Current IIH Input HIGH Current Mode Input Any A or B Input Any S Input Cn Input 20 60 80 100 Mode Input Any A or B Input Any S Input Cn Input IIL Input LOW Current Mode Input Any A or B Input Any S Input Cn Input IOS 0.1 0.3 0.4 0.5 Short Circuit Current (Note 2) – 0.4 – 1.2 – 1.6 – 2.0 – 20 – 100 32 74 34 35 74 ICC 54 54 Power Supply Current See Note 1A 37 See Note 1B Note 1. With outputs open, ICC is measured for the following conditions: A. S0 through S3, M, and A inputs are at 4.5 V, all other inputs are grounded. B. S0 through S3 and M are at 4.5 V, all other inputs are grounded. Note 2: Not more than one output should be shorted at a time, nor for more than 1 second. FAST AND LS TTL DATA 5-335 SN54/74LS181 AC CHARACTERISTICS (TA = 25°C, VCC = 5.0 V, Pin 12 = GND, CL = 15 pF) Limits Symbol Parameter Min Unit Test Conditions Typ Max tPLH tPHL Propagation Delay, (Cn to Cn+4) 18 13 27 20 ns M = 0 V, (Sum or Diff Mode) See Fig. 4 and Tables I and II tPLH tPHL (Cn to F Outputs) 17 13 26 20 ns M = 0 V, (Sum Mode) See Fig. 4 and Table I tPLH tPHL (A or B Inputs to G Output) 19 15 29 23 ns M = S1 = S2 = 0 V, S0 = S3 = 4.5 V (Sum Mode) See Fig. 4 and Table I tPLH tPHL (A or B Inputs to G Output) 21 21 32 32 ns M = S0 = S3 = 0 V, S1 = S2 = 4.5 V (Diff Mode) See Fig. 5 and Table II tPLH tPHL (A or B Inputs to P Output) 20 20 30 30 ns M = S1 = S2 = 0 V, S0 = S3 = 4.5 V (Sum Mode) See Fig. 4 and Table I tPLH tPHL (A or B Inputs to P Output) 20 22 30 33 ns M = S0 = S3 = 0 V, S1 = S2 = 4.5 V (Diff Mode) See Fig. 5 and Table II tPLH tPHL (AX or BX Inputs to FX Output) 21 13 32 20 ns M = S1 = S2 = 0 V, S0 = S3 = 4.5 V (Sum Mode) See Fig. 4 and Table I tPLH tPHL (AX or BX Inputs to FX Output) 21 21 32 32 ns M = S0 = S3 = 0 V, S1 = S2 = 4.5 V (Diff Mode) See Fig. 5 and Table II tPLH tPHL (AX or BX Inputs to FXH Outputs) 38 26 ns M = S1 = S2 = 0 V, S0 = S3 = 4.5 V (Sum Mode) See Fig. 4 and Table I tPLH tPHL (AX or BX Inputs to FXH Outputs) 38 38 ns M = S0 = S3 = 0 V, S1 = S2 = 4.5 V (Diff Mode) See Fig. 5 and Table II tPLH tPHL (A or B Inputs to F Outputs) 22 26 33 38 ns M = 4.5 V (Logic Mode) See Fig. 4 and Table III tPLH tPHL (A or B Inputs to Cn+4 Output) 25 25 38 38 ns M = 0 V, S0 = S3 = 4.5 V, S1 = S2 = 0 V (Sum Mode) See Fig. 6 and Table I tPLH tPHL (A or B Inputs to Cn+4 Output) 27 27 41 41 ns M = 0 V, S0 = S3 = 0 V, S1 = S2 = 4.5 V (Diff Mode) tPLH tPHL (A or B Inputs to A = B Output) 33 41 50 62 ns M = S0 = S3 = 0 V, S1 = S2 = 4.5 V RL = 2.0 kΩ (Diff Mode) See Fig. 5 and Table II AC WAVEFORMS 1.3 V INPUT 1.3 V t PHL t PLH OUTPUT 1.3 V 1.3 V Figure 4 A INPUT 1.3 V 1.3 V B INPUT 1.3 V 1.3 V INPUT t PLH OUTPUT 1.3 V 1.3 V 1.3 V t PLH t PHL OUTPUT t PHL 1.3 V 1.3 V 1.3 V Figure 5 Figure 6 FAST AND LS TTL DATA 5-336 SN54/74LS181 SUM MODE TEST TABLE I FUNCTION INPUTS: S0 = S3 = 4.5 V, S1 = S2 = M = 0 V Other Input Same Bit Other Data Inputs Input Under Test Apply 4.5 V Apply GND Apply 4.5 V Apply GND Output Under Test tPLH tPHL Al Bl None Remaining A and B Cn Fl tPLH tPHL Bl Al None Remaining A and B Cn Fl tPLH tPHL Al Bl None Cn Remaining A and B Fl+1 tPLH tPHL Bl Al None Cn Remaining A and B Fl+1 tPLH tPHL A B None None Remaining A and B, Cn P tPLH tPHL B A None None Remaining A and B, Cn P tPLH tPHL A None B Remaining B Remaining A, Cn G tPLH tPHL B None A Remaining B Remaining A, Cn G tPLH tPHL A None B Remaining B Remaining A, Cn Cn+4 tPLH tPHL B None A Remaining B Remaining A, Cn Cn+4 tPLH tPHL Cn None None All A All B Any F or Cn+4 Parameter FAST AND LS TTL DATA 5-337 SN54/74LS181 DIFF MODE TEST TABLE II FUNCTION INPUTS: S1 = S2 = 4.5 V, S0 = S3 = M = 0 V Other Input Same Bit Other Data Inputs Input Under Test Apply 4.5 V Apply GND Apply 4.5 V Apply GND tPLH tPHL A None B Remaining A Remaining B, Cn Fl tPLH tPHL B A None Remaining A Remaining B, Cn Fl tPLH tPHL Al None Bl Remaining B, Cn Remaining A Fl+1 tPLH tPHL Bl Al None Remaining B, Cn Remaining A Fl+1 tPLH tPHL A None B None Remaining A and B, Cn P tPLH tPHL B A None None Remaining A and B, Cn P tPLH tPHL A B None None Remaining A and Bl, Cn G tPLH tPHL B None A None Remaining A and B, Cn G tPLH tPHL A None B Remaining A Remaining B, Cn A=B tPLH tPHL B A None Remaining A Remaining B, Cn A=B tPLH tPHL A B None None Remaining A and B, Cn cn+4 tPLH tPHL B None A None Remaining A and B, Cn Cn+4 tPLH tPHL Cn None None All A and B None Cn+4 Parameter Output Under Test LOGIC MODE TEST TABLE III Other Input Same Bit Other Data Inputs Input Under Test Apply 4.5 V Apply GND Apply 4.5 V Apply GND tPLH tPHL A None B None Remaining A and B, Cn Any F S1 = S2 = M = 4.5 V S0 = S3 = 0 V tPLH tPHL B None A None Remaining A and B, Cn Any F S1 = S2 = M = 4.5 V S0 = S3 = 0 V Parameter FAST AND LS TTL DATA 5-338 Output Under Test Function Inputs Case 623-05 J Suffix 24-Pin Ceramic Dual In-Line (WIDE BODY) NOTES: 24 1. DIM L" TO CENTER OF LEADS WHEN 13 FORMED PARALLEL. 2. LEADS WITHIN 0.13 mm (0.005) RADIUS OF TRUE POSITION AT SEATING PLANE AT B MAXIMUM MATERIAL CONDITION. (WHEN FORMED PARALLEL). 1 12 DIM A B C D F G J K L M N A F SEATING PLANE C L N D G J M K Case 649-03 N Suffix 24-Pin Plastic Wide Body A P MILLIMETERS MIN MAX INCHES MIN MAX 31.24 32.77 1.230 1.290 12.70 15.49 0.500 0.610 4.06 5.59 0.160 0.220 0.41 0.51 0.016 0.020 1.27 1.52 0.050 0.060 2.54 BSC 0.100 BSC 0.20 0.30 0.008 0.012 3.18 4.06 0.125 0.160 15.24 BSC ° ° 15 0 1.27 0.51 0.600 BSC ° ° 15 0 0.050 0.020 NOTES: 1. LEADS WITHIN 0.13 mm (0.005) RADIUS OF TRUE POSITION AT SEATING PLANE AT MAXIMUM MATERIAL CONDITION. 24 13 2. DIMENSION L" TO CENTER OF LEADS WHEN FORMED PARALLEL. 3. 649 02 OBSOLETE, NEW STD 649 03 SEE ISSUE Q C" FOR REFERENCE. B 1 12 H F C L N K G D SEATING PLANE J M FAST AND LS TTL DATA 5-339 DIM A B C D F G H J K L M N P Q MILLIMETERS MIN MAX INCHES MIN MAX 31.50 32.13 1.240 1.265 13.21 13.72 0.520 0.540 4.70 5.21 0.185 0.205 0.38 0.51 0.015 0.020 1.02 1.52 0.040 0.060 2.54 BSC 0.100 BSC 1.65 2.16 0.065 0.085 0.20 0.30 0.008 0.012 2.92 3.43 0.115 0.135 14.99 15.49 0.590 0.610 ° 10 ° 10 0.51 1.02 0.020 0.040 0.13 0.38 0.005 0.015 0.51 0.76 0.020 0.030 Motorola reserves the right to make changes without further notice to any products herein. Motorola makes no warranty, representation or guarantee regarding the suitability of its products for any particular purpose, nor does Motorola assume any liability arising out of the application or use of any product or circuit, and specifically disclaims any and all liability, including without limitation consequential or incidental damages. “Typical” parameters can and do vary in different applications. All operating parameters, including “Typicals” must be validated for each customer application by customer’s technical experts. Motorola does not convey any license under its patent rights nor the rights of others. Motorola products are not designed, intended, or authorized for use as components in systems intended for surgical implant into the body, or other applications intended to support or sustain life, or for any other application in which the failure of the Motorola product could create a situation where personal injury or death may occur. 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ASIA PACIFIC: Motorola Semiconductors H.K. Ltd.; Silicon Harbour Center, No. 2 Dai King Street, Tai Po Industrial Estate, Tai Po, N.T., Hong Kong. ◊ FAST AND LS TTL DATA 5-340 WWW.ALLDATASHEET.COM Copyright © Each Manufacturing Company. All Datasheets cannot be modified without permission. This datasheet has been download from : www.AllDataSheet.com 100% Free DataSheet Search Site. Free Download. No Register. Fast Search System. www.AllDataSheet.com ...
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