Chapter 2c - MOCKINGBIRD IMITATION recognition 3 Male red...

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1 LEVELS OF ANALYSIS • ULTIMATE CAUSES – Historical pathways leading to behavioral trait • Evolutionary stages, from origin of trait to the present Effects of selection on history of trait Effects of past and current usefulness on lifetime reproductive success Ultimate Functions of Song 1. Effectiveness as signal in different habitats 2. Species recognition 3 Effect on conspecific 3. Effect on conspecifics 4. Indicator of social/cultural environment Habitat matching in great tit songs 1. Effectiveness as signal in different habitats
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2 RED-WINGED BLACKBIRDS Male Female 2. Species recognition Sound spectrogram of male song with female chatter Song Chatter Female red winged blackbird responses to male song 2. Species recognition RED-WINGED BLACKBIRD 2. Species
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Unformatted text preview: MOCKINGBIRD IMITATION recognition 3 Male red winged blackbird responses to male song 12 14 16 18 20 ER 2. Species recognition 2 4 6 8 10 1 2 BEHAVIOR NUMB RWBB MOCK SONGS SONG SPREADS Species Recognition in White-crowned Sparrows 2. Species recognition Importance of Song Copy Quality 3. Effects on conspecifics 4 Effect of song repertoire size on female starling reproduction 3. Effects on conspecifics Effect of song on territory intrusion rate in white-throated sparrows 3. Effects on conspecifics Effect of neighbors on song choice by song sparrows 4. Social environment 5 Utility of Repertoire Matching 4. Social environment Effect of Female Reproductive Value on Male Song 4. Social environment...
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Chapter 2c - MOCKINGBIRD IMITATION recognition 3 Male red...

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