ch2_Var_in_Ger_3b

ch2_Var_in_Ger_3b - For next time (Tues., 4/28) Please read...

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Unformatted text preview: For next time (Tues., 4/28) Please read chapter 3 of your text and work through the study questions. Well follow the text there a little more closelythat is work through the study questions more systematically than me just lecturing to you. (Felt like I had to in ch. 2 since the material is a bit difficult.) We should just about finish ch. 2 today. Woher kommt das Deutsche? Chapter 2 of B/S Just a quick note on your pronunciation of Ge rman: Come see me if you are not satisfied with your pronunciation. I can tell you where your weaknesses are and what you need to work on and give you a few (more!) tips on how to improve. Woher kommt das Deutsche? Was wir machen: Today, Ill tell you about the Germanic languages, who they are related to and how we can assert that. Well also discuss which Germanic languages are most closely related to one another. In so doing, youll learn something about comparative reconstruction , historical linguistics , and language change . Woher kommt das Deutsche? Achtung! Ill likely overwhelm you with linguistic correspondences (that connect all these languages). This is the stuff of historical linguistics. You wont need to know all these changes but more is better. A+ students should strive to learn them all. Otherwise, Ill find a way to have you reproduce a subset of these. What is Proto-Indo-European (in very general terms)? The reconstructed (and therefore hypothetical) mother tongue of about 10 language families and about 100 languages. These languages are found from Europe to India, thus the name! Can you name the families? What is Proto-Indo-European (in very general terms)? Germanic Balto-Slavic Indo-Iranian Albanian Romance (= Italic) Anatolian (e.g. Hittite) Greek Celtic Armenian Tocharian See p. 24 of your text. (There are arguably others.) What is PIE? Can you name some non- IE languages that neighbor the IE languages? How do we know these languages are related? By the numerous correspondences in all areas of grammar, phonology and lexicon . There are so many between these languages that they could not be explained by chance (or by borrowing with internal developments). Can you give me some of these correspondenceswhich we recognize in cognates ? Or just give me some cognates between German & other languages (like English!) Here are some but how do we know these languages are related? Latin p ro, p iscis vs. Eng f or, f ish And many more p ~f correspondences Lat t res Eng th ree And many more t ~ th correspondences =[ ] In Brief: Grimms Law! dessen Gesetz Want to see some more? IE cognates (see first sound) Sanskrit Avestan Greek Latin Gothic English p ita p ater p ater f adar f ather padam poda pedem fotu foot bh ratar ph rater f rater b rothar b rother bharami barami phero fero baira bear jivah j ivo w iwos q ius q uick ('living') s anah h ano h enee s...
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ch2_Var_in_Ger_3b - For next time (Tues., 4/28) Please read...

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