ch2_Var_in_Ger_3b

ch2_Var_in_Ger_3b - For next time(Tues 4/28 Please read...

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Unformatted text preview: For next time (Tues., 4/28) ¡ Please read chapter 3 of your text and work through the study questions. ¡ We’ll follow the text there a little more closely—that is work through the study questions more systematically than me just lecturing to you. (Felt like I had to in ch. 2 since the material is a bit difficult.) ¡ We should just about finish ch. 2 today. Woher kommt das Deutsche? Chapter 2 of B/S Just a quick note on your pronunciation of Ge rman: Come see me if you are not satisfied with your pronunciation. I can tell you where your weaknesses are and what you need to work on and give you a few (more!) tips on how to improve. Woher kommt das Deutsche? ¡ Was wir machen: ¡ Today, I’ll tell you about the Germanic languages, who they are related to and how we can assert that. ¡ We’ll also discuss which Germanic languages are most closely related to one another. ¡ In so doing, you’ll learn something about comparative reconstruction , historical linguistics , and language change . Woher kommt das Deutsche? ¡ Achtung! I’ll likely overwhelm you with linguistic correspondences (that connect all these languages). This is the stuff of historical linguistics. ¡ You won’t need to know all these changes but more is better. A+ students should strive to learn them all. Otherwise, I’ll find a way to have you reproduce a subset of these. What is Proto-Indo-European (in very general terms)? ¡ The reconstructed (and therefore hypothetical) mother tongue of about 10 language families and about 100 languages. ¡ These languages are found from Europe to India, thus the name! ¡ Can you name the families? What is Proto-Indo-European (in very general terms)? ¡ Germanic ¡ Balto-Slavic ¡ Indo-Iranian ¡ Albanian ¡ Romance (= Italic) ¡ Anatolian (e.g. Hittite) ¡ Greek ¡ Celtic ¡ Armenian ¡ Tocharian ¡ See p. 24 of your text. (There are arguably others.) What is PIE? ¡ Can you name some non- IE languages that neighbor the IE languages? How do we know these languages are related? ¡ By the numerous correspondences in all areas of grammar, phonology and lexicon . There are so many between these languages that they could not be explained by chance (or by borrowing with internal developments). ¡ Can you give me some of these correspondences—which we recognize in cognates ? Or just give me some cognates between German & other languages (like English!) Here are some but how do we know these languages are related? ¡ Latin p ro, p iscis vs. Eng f or, f ish ¡ And many more p ~f correspondences ¡ Lat t res Eng th ree ¡ And many more t ~ “th” correspondences =[ θ ] ¡ In Brief: Grimm’s Law! ¡ dessen Gesetz Æ ¡ Want to see some more? IE cognates (see first sound) ¡ Sanskrit Avestan Greek Latin Gothic English ¡ p ita p ater p ater f adar f ather ¡ padam poda pedem fotu foot ¡ bh ratar ph rater f rater b rothar b rother ¡ bharami barami phero fero baira bear ¡ jivah j ivo w iwos q ius q uick ('living') ¡ s anah h ano h enee s...
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This note was uploaded on 04/10/2010 for the course GERMAN 141 taught by Professor Stevens during the Spring '10 term at UCLA.

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ch2_Var_in_Ger_3b - For next time(Tues 4/28 Please read...

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