Exam 3 Study Guide - Chapter 11 Political Parties and Party...

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Chapter 11 – Political Parties and Party Systems Multiple Choice Which of the following statements is true with respect to the development of political parties? The United States was the first country to develop mass political parties. Compared to the parliamentary systems of Western Europe, the following is true in the United States: party control of government is weaker. Political party coherence, discipline, and ideological consistency are related to the degree of party centralization. The biggest and oldest catchall parties in the world are the U.S. Democrats and Republicans. A major distinction between a one-party system and a dominant-party system is that athough they seldom win, a dominant-party system allows opposition parties to contest elections. Concerning two-party and multiparty systems, multiparty systems may contribute to higher voter turnout. Countries with single-member election districts, with a simple plurality win, tend to produce two-party systems. A major political party that has dominated a country for years and years can fall from power if it becomes too self-absorbed. Regarding party fund-raising, one characteristic that almost every democratic country shares has been recent scandals related to party fund-raising. The two major U.S. political parties are probably not ripe for any major changes in the coming years. True/False Most political scientists believe that there is no connection between the strength of political parties and voter turnout. False In the former Soviet Union, the Communist party did not rule directly but supervised, monitored, and controlled the personnel of the state and economic structure. True Political parties may be classified on a left-to-right ideological spectrum. True Parties and party systems are the same thing.
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False A country’s electoral system often determines what type of party system it will have. True There are advantages in having weak political parties. True According to political scientist Giovanni Sartori, the more parties a country has, the better, because each party competes with and balances out the others. False To raise money, political parties in the United States have begun to rely mainly upon PACs. True Totalitarian systems are typically one-party systems. True Third parties have no role to play in a two-party system. False Fill-in-the-Blank 1. Centralization is the degree of control exercised by national headquarters. 2. Neo-institutional theory is the theory that institutions can take on lives of their own, sometimes disconnected from electorates. 3. A government job given to a non-civil servant, often as a reward for support, is a political appointment. 4. Nationalization occurs when major industries are put under government control and ownership. 5.
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Exam 3 Study Guide - Chapter 11 Political Parties and Party...

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