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ISS Final Exam Study Sheet

ISS Final Exam Study Sheet - ISS Final Exam Study Sheet Red...

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ISS Final Exam Study Sheet Red: Wrong questions Green: Important READINGS: 1- Chambers: clusters of disadvantages, the poor rural household is disadvantaged because It lacks buffers, illiterate peasants make bad judgments, malnutrition weakens 2- Fukuyama: end of history = the victory of economic and political liberalism over other ideologies 3-Annan: to prevent a further worsening of the Darfur crisis = a large, strong UN force should intervene 4- Foster: - sociocultural system is a logically integrated, functional, sense- making whole = significant change in any phase of a culture cannot occur without accommodation in those phases that impinge on it -causes of emigrations = pushed out by rapid population increases without corresponding opportunities -disappearance of the extended family in favor of the nuclear family is caused by = major shifts in the economic basis of livelihood -migration from rural to urban areas frequently produces Dietary Deterioration = rural peasants don’t know about balanced diets, have difficulty allocating food budgets, and processed foods have low nutritional value. - All sociocultural systems are constantly changing, the major force in cultural change is = borrowing forms of behavior from other cultures. -Peasant life is characterized = bitter suspicion and distrust that makes cooperation extremely difficult -Cultural, social, and psychological barriers and stimulants to Change exist in an Economic setting and the importance of this setting is that it is VITAL, without economic benefits change is unlikely to occur. -contact between TRADITIONAL and Modern societies, the attitude of the trad. People toward the modern = they wish to borrow modern, believe it is inferior to their own, and believe they ways are natural and best. -INNOVATORS: not typical Innovators always come from the poorest members of society -AMERICAN ASSUMPTIONS:
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Pastoral ideal, progress, and upward mobility -INNOVATORS: Individuals or families with great geographical mobility are more likely to be innovators -prestige- laden individuals are the most influential, there is a danger that only other dissidents will follow the dissentients. -Stages of analysis: evaluation is where the anthropologist most likely to develop lessons learned to guide and improve future work -anthropologists often are able to give quick, and remarkably accurate, answers because they can fall pact of scientific capital which is accumulated theory and facts. -Ethic in Planned Change: when governments and private agencies are providing technical assistance consideration should be given to impacts on the power structure and projects should benefit wide sectors of the middle and lower classes. 5- Barrett: symbolic basis of culture = distinguished characteristics, great variety and plasticity, human culture is cumulative- . -individual diversity within a society = social rules but not everyone
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ISS Final Exam Study Sheet - ISS Final Exam Study Sheet Red...

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