Chapter10_partII - Applied Science Department(ASD Centre...

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PCE 0015 Chemistry for Engineers Foundation in Engineering ONLINE NOTES Chapter 10 ORGANIC CHEMISTRY FOSEE , MULTIMEDIA UNIVERSITY (436821-T) MELAKA CAMPUS, JALAN AYER KEROH LAMA, 75450 MELAKA, MALAYSIA. Tel 606 252 3594 Fax 606 231 8799 URL: http://fosee.mmu.edu.my/~asd/ Applied Science Department (ASD) Centre for Foundation Studies and Extension Education (FOSEE)
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PCE0015 Chemistry For Engineers Chapter 10 Chapter 10 – Part II 10.3 CLASSES OF ORGANIC COMPOUND A system is needed to simplify the study of organic compounds because of the many different compounds exist. If the chemical study of inorganic compound is simplified with the presence of the Periodic Table, the chemical study of organic compound is simplified with the existence of a homologue series. A homologue series is a group of organic compound that has the same functional group. Functional group is an atom or a group of atom that determine the chemical properties of the compound. According to the functional group, organic compounds are divided into a few classes, as shown in Table 13-1. CLASS FUNCTIONAL GROUP EXAMPLE 1. Alkane No CH 4 2. Alkene CH 2 ═CH―CH 3 3. Alkyne ―C≡C― HC≡C―CH 3 4. Aromatic hydrocarbon 5. Alkyl halide R―X Where X - (Fl, Cl, Br, I) R - alkyl CH 3 ―Br 6. Alcohol ―OH hydroxyl group CH 3 ―OH 7. Aldehyde 8. Ketone __________________________________________________________________________________ HST/MAM 2/ 10 C═C ―CH 3 O ―C―H O CH 3 ―C―H O ―C― O CH 3 ―C―CH 3
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PCE0015 Chemistry For Engineers Chapter 10 9. Ester 10. Amine ―NH 2 CH 3 ―NH 2 Table 13-1: Classes of Organic compound All organic compounds are derived from a group of compounds known as hydrocarbon (made up of only hydrogen and carbon).
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