test 2 info - Socialization: learn the ways of society so...

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Socialization: learn the ways of society so that we can function within it Society: people who live and work, pursuit of common ends -system of social relations by rights, duties, expectations, and obligations Culture: rules that guide way of life of members of society -common learned ways of life -attitudes, beliefs, motivations, values, everything you learn in society Society: interacting Culture: behavior Interactions based on: -mutual expectations -stability -internalized Society made up of institutions A) organized individuals central concept and structure B) normative patterns define legitimate or expected modes of action or social relationship -Inter-related Norms--human activity *Norms -rules of behavior -expected to act a certain way in a situation -relatively specific -learn how to function in society * Folkways and Mores -Folkways: conventional, appropriate, not insisted -Mores: strongly sanctioned *Customs and Laws -customs: tradition -laws: enforced by political system *Values -defined by situation
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-more general -define our goals -course of action -guide us in new situations -Guides Behavior -values are not personal, but shared they come from our culture -within a society they claim universality -freedom -privacy *Status and Role -status: position -feelings, attitudes, expectations that makes one happy -multiple statuses- friend, lover, student -role: expected behavior -role sets: a status often does not have a single role, but many attached *Acquisition of Statuses a. biology boy or girl b. economic division of labor c. ascribed or achieved -ascription: characteristics we cant control -achievement: status direct action --Boran, herdsman superior to farmers * Social Groups 1. Social Group Persons relationships based upon a set of inter-related roles and statuses Interact standardized fashion due to values and norms they accept Sense of identity -patterned interaction -shared beliefs -identity 2. Social Category: same status and role but interaction missing 3. Statistical Aggregate: similar attribute so they can be thought of together -Primary Groups: intimate, personal, long lasting, spontaneous, mutual expectations, no explicit goal, roles are inclusive and unlimited. (friends and family)
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test 2 info - Socialization: learn the ways of society so...

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