Econ+Practice+test+1

Econ+Practice+test+1 - ECON Practice test 1 1. When...

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ECON Practice test 1 1. When economists say that people act rationally in their self interest, they mean that individuals: A) look for and pursue opportunities to increase their utility. B) generally disregard the interests of others. C) are mainly creatures of habit. D) are unpredictable. 2. Joe sold gold coins for $1000 that he bought a year ago for $1000. He says, "At least I didn't lose any money on my financial investment." His economist friend points out that in effect he did lose money, because he could have received a 3 percent return on the $1000 if he had bought a bank certificate of deposit instead of the coins. The economist's analysis in this case incorporates the idea of: A) opportunity costs C) imperfect information. B) marginal benefits that exceed marginal costs. D) normative economics. 3. There is too little of a good thing when its marginal: A) benefit exceeds its marginal cost. C) cost equals its marginal benefit. B) cost exceeds its marginal benefit. D) benefit is still positive. 4. The economic perspective refers to: A) macroeconomic phenomena, but not microeconomic phenomena. B) microeconomic phenomena, but not macroeconomic phenomena. C) the making of rational decisions in a context of marginal costs and marginal benefits. D) unlimited resources in a context of limited economic wants. 5. Rational behavior suggests that: A) everyone will make identical choices. B) resource availability exceeds economic wants. C) individuals will make different choices because their preferences and circumstances differ. D) an individual's economic goals cannot involve tradeoffs. 6. Economics involves marginal analysis because: A) most decisions involve changes from the present situation. B) marginal benefits always exceed marginal costs. C) marginal costs always exceed marginal benefits. D) much economic behavior is irrational. 7. Economic theories: A) are useless because they are not based on laboratory experimentation. B) that are true for individual economic units are never true for the economy as a whole. C) are generalizations based on a careful observation of facts. D) are abstractions and therefore of no application to real situations.
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8. Theoretical economics: A) is also known as policy economics. B) is the process of deriving principles of economics. C) is highly impractical since it does not deal with the real world. D) rejects the scientific method as being inappropriate for the social sciences. 9. Suppose an economist says that "Other things equal, the lower the price of bananas, the greater the amount of bananas purchased." This statement indicates that: A) the quantity of bananas purchased determines the price of bananas. B) all factors other than the price of bananas (for example, consumer tastes and incomes) are assumed to be constant. C)
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Econ+Practice+test+1 - ECON Practice test 1 1. When...

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