Lec12 - Defining Emotion Emotion is inferred, not observed...

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Defining Emotion • Emotion is inferred, not observed • Emotion is a reaction to a stimulus • Emotions are functional • Emotions include three aspects: – Cognition/Appraisal – Feeling/Sensation – Action tendency I. Defining Emotion II. Feeling Theories of Emotion I. Common Sense View II. James-Lange Theory III. Criticisms of James-Lange III. Appraisal Theories of Emotion I. Cannon ! s Theory II. Criticisms of Cannon III. Schachter Two-Factor Theory IV. Other Theories of Emotion I. Frijda ! s Theory Common Sense View You feel angry, so you attack; you feel scared, so you run away Perceive bear --> feel fear --> run away
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James-Lange Theory (1890) Perception of Stimulus ! Physiological Arousal/Changes ! Perception of Changes = Emotion Awareness of the unique physiological state = emotion
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Organization of the Nervous System Brain Spinal Cord Central Nervous System Parasympathetic Sympathetic Autonomic Somatic Peripheral Nervous System Parasympathetic • Decrease heart rate • Increase digestive functions of intestine and stomach • Tears • Increase saliva Sympathetic • Increase heart rate • Decrease digestive functions of intestine and stomach • Sweat • Decrease saliva James-Lange Theory • Is arousal necessary for emotion? YES • Are there patterns of arousal? YES
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Lec12 - Defining Emotion Emotion is inferred, not observed...

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