The Auditor - The Auditor's report is a formal opinion, or...

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The Auditor's report is a formal opinion , or disclaimer thereof, issued by either an internal auditor or an independent external auditor as a result of an internal or external audit or evaluation performed on a legal entity or subdivision thereof (called an “auditee”). The report is subsequently provided to a “user” (such as an individual, a group of persons, a company , a government , or even the general public , among others) as an assurance service in order for the user to make decisions based on the results of the audit. An auditor’s report is considered an essential tool when reporting financial information to users, particularly in business. Since many third-party users prefer, or even require financial information to be certified by an independent external auditor, many auditees rely on auditor reports to certify their information in order to attract investors, obtain loans, and improve public appearance. Some have even stated that financial information without an auditor’s report is “essentially worthless” for investing purposes. [1] Contents [ hide ] 1 Auditor’s report on financial statements o 1.1 Unqualified Opinion report o 1.2 Qualified Opinion report o 1.3 Adverse Opinion report o 1.4 Disclaimer of Opinion report o 1.5 Auditor’s report on internal controls of public companies o 1.6 Going concern o 1.7 Other explanatory information and paragraphs o 1.8 Auditor’s reports on financial statements in different countries 2 Opinion shopping 3 Auditor’s reports for a Single Audit 4 Other engagements and reports 5 References [ edit ] Auditor’s report on financial statements See also: Financial audit It is important to note that auditor reports on financial statements are neither evaluations nor , or any other similar determination used to evaluate entities in order to make a decision. The report is only an opinion on whether the information presented is correct and free of material misstatements, whereas all other determinations are left for the user to decide. There are four common types of auditor’s reports, each one presenting a different situation encountered during the auditor’s work. The four reports are as follows: [ edit ] Unqualified Opinion report The most frequent type of report is referred to as the Unqualified Opinion , and is regarded by many as the equivalent of a “clean bill of health” to a patient, [2] which has led many to call it the Clean Opinion , but in reality it is not a clean bill of health [3] . This type of report is issued by an auditor when the financial statements presented are free of material misstatements and are in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP), which in other words means that the company’s financial condition, position, and operations are fairly presented in the financial statements. It is the best type of report an auditee may receive from an external auditor.
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This note was uploaded on 04/10/2010 for the course ACCOUNTING 122 taught by Professor Dick during the Spring '10 term at American Academy of Art.

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The Auditor - The Auditor's report is a formal opinion, or...

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