study sheet test 3 -1

study sheet test 3 -1 - Chapter 9(Thinking Language and...

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Chapter 9: (Thinking) Language and Intelligence Language Development – class information They used to think speech just developed spontaneously. Babies silent from 4-5 months then start babbling 18 months start say single words or fragments 2.5 years, children begin to make mistakes b/c of over regularization 2.5 – 5 is the critical period Explaining Language Development - Skinner: Operant Learning – we learn language by familiar principles of association, imitation, and reinforcement (smiles hugs when child says something right) Chomsky: Inborn Universal Grammar – we have a language acquisition device in place. We are biologically prepared to learn words and use grammar. We have a predisposition to learn language but the particular language we learn is the result of our experience. Language Influences Thinking --linguistic determinsm (relativity) Horf theorized that the language u speak determines the way you think. i.e. language with no past tense means its harder for u to think of the past. Nto true. Animal Thinking and Language – class information –need to know chimp names? Class only Phonemes – the sounds of language. Experts say there are about 100 phonemes. You can also “see phonemes” by seeing someone’s lips.
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This note was uploaded on 04/10/2010 for the course PSY 301 taught by Professor Pennebaker during the Spring '07 term at University of Texas.

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study sheet test 3 -1 - Chapter 9(Thinking Language and...

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