Glycolysis Bryant Miles OOHOHOHOHCH2OHOCHCOHHCHHOCOHHCOHHH2COHOOHOHOHOHCH2OHα-D-glucoseβ-D-glucoseD-glucoseD-Glucose is a major fuel for most organisms. D-Glucose metabolism occupies the center position for all metabolic pathways. Glucose contains a great deal of potential energy. The complete oxidation of glucose yields −2,840 kJ/mol of energy. Glucose + 6O26CO2+ 6H2O ΔGo’ = −2,840 kJ/mol Glucose also provides metabolic intermediates for biosynthetic reactions. Bacteria can use the skeletal carbon atoms obtained from glucose to synthesize every amino acid, nucleotide, cofactor and fatty acid required for life. For higher plants and animals there are three major metabolic fates for glucose. Nearly every living cell catabolizes glucose and other simple sugars by a process called glycolysis. Glycolysis differs from one species to another only in the details of regulation and the fate of pyruvate. Glycolysis is the metabolic pathway that catabolizes glucose into two molecules of pyruvate. OHOHHOHHOHHOHCH2OHHH3CCOCOO-2Glycolysis occurs in the cytosol of cells and is essentially an anaerobic process since the pathway’s principle steps do not require oxygen. The glycolytic pathway is use to be referred to as the Embfen-Meyerhof pathwayin honor of the two of the three biochemical pioneers (What about Jacob Parnas?) who discovered it. The glycolytic pathway is shown below.
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