“Fascism” comes from Italian
which means "bundle" or group and Latin
which means a bundle of sticks used symbolically for the power through
unity (Payne, Stanley (1995).
A History of Fascism, 1914-45
). It is commonly
considered that fascism in Germany arose from 1933, when the National Socialist
German Workers’ Party (Nazi Party) ruled Germany after toppling Weimar Republic. At
that time, films as a modern media inevitably joined the propaganda of Fascism and
Nazi Party. The two films we saw, “The Street” and “Olympia I”, were published in
different period: Weimar Cinema and Third Reich Cinema (Sabine, Hake (2006).
German National Cinema)
. That is why they have different effects on deluge of Fascism
Weimar Cinema, 1919-1933, "Trigger" of Fascism
“The Street (Die Straße)” was published in1923, during the period of Weimar Cinema,
the postwar time. Scholars distinguished this period as three phases, and “The
Street” was published in the first interval, when rise of expressionism out of the lost war,
the failed revolution, and the rampant inflation happened (Sabine, Hake (2006).
. During that time, Germany looked like a inferno of people: no food,
no hope. Meanwhile, the Fascist movement began with a meeting held in the Piazza
San Sepolcro in Milan on March 23, 1919, which declared the original principles of the
Fascists through a series of declarations. It’s hard for us to surmise the original
aspiration of Karl Grune, the 33-year-old director. No matter he regarded his production
as whether a drumbeating of newborn Fascism or just a catharsis of the hopeless
situation, the film partially revealed hidden pre-fascist tendencies that make the rise of
Hitler seem almost inevitable.
The film reveals authoritarian nationalist political ideology which is