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Unformatted text preview: Chemistry 350 Assignment 1 Solutions September 29, 2004 1. Use both the van der Waals equation and the RedlichKwong equation to plot the compress ibility factor Z against P for ethane at 360 and 500 K. Hint: Calculate Z as a function of V and P as a function of V , then plot Z vs. P . Answer: As noted in class, you can express each of these equations of state in terms of V for both Z and P . For the van der Waals equation of state, P = RT V b a V 2 and Z = V V b a RT V and for the RedlichKwong equation of state, P = RT V B A T 1 / 2 V ( V + B ) and Z = V V B A RT 3 / 2 ( V + B ) Plotting these two properties, Z versus P , provides highly curved functions. These are depicted below. van der Waals RedlichKwong Some values for the molar volume may give negative pressures, which is physically unreason able. However, it signifies a superheated liquid . Recall that we discussed P V isotherms which follow a cubic equation for each of these equations of state. The first “dip” in that cubic...
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This note was uploaded on 04/11/2010 for the course CHEM 1101 taught by Professor Leroy during the Spring '10 term at University of Toronto Toronto.
 Spring '10
 Leroy
 Chemistry

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