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CVCA_model - Community-Wide Vulnerability and Capacity...

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Community-Wide Vulnerability and Capacity Assessment (CVCA)
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ii Acknowledgments This publication has been prepared by: Office of Critical Infrastructure Protection and Emergency Preparedness 2 nd Floor, Jackson Bldg. 122 Bank St. Ottawa, ON K1A 0W6 Tel: (613) 944-4875 Toll Free: 1-800-830-3118 Fax: (613) 998-9589 Email: [email protected] Internet: www.ocipep-bpiepc.gc.ca Authors: Ron Kuban, PhD, and Heather MacKenzie-Carey, M.Sc. Turning Point Group Inc. This material is based upon work supported by the Directorate of Research and Development (DRD) in the Office of Critical Infrastructure Protection and Emergency Preparedness (OCIPEP), formerly Emergency Preparedness Canada, under Contract Reference No. 2000D013. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Office of Critical Infrastructure Protection and Emergency Preparedness. 2001 Minister of Public Works and Government Services Catalogue No.: D-82-68/2002E-IN ISBN: 0-662-32220-7
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iii The authors and Turning Point Group (TPG) Inc. (renamed Pegasus Emergency Management Consortium Corp.) wish to acknowledge with thanks the financial support for this project by Emergency Preparedness Canada. We would also like to thank the numerous researchers who graciously shared with us their knowledge about hazards, risk and vulnerability. In constructing our model we strove to build on the work of others - their theories, applications and feedback. We chose to rely on two specific models and would like to particularly thank the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) for its “Community Vulnerability Assessment Tool (New Hanover County, NC)” and Dr. Laurie Pearce for her research towards the HIRV model. The material contained in this package was developed with great care to ensure its accuracy and relevance. Nevertheless, nothing in this material absolves its readers from using their sound judgement in the appropriate application of its content.
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iv Executive Summary When disasters occur, they do not affect everyone in the same way. In emergency planning, it is important to pay special attention to the needs of people who are deemed particularly at risk, or the “most vulnerable”. The aim of the Community-wide Vulnerability and Capacity Assessment (CVCA) model presented in this document is to help emergency managers and municipal planners to better understand and therefore be able to meet the needs of their vulnerable populations, particularly in an emergency situation. The common view is that “vulnerable populations” include the very young, the very old, women, people with disabilities and perhaps aboriginal/First Nation peoples. Unfortunately, while partially accurate, this view of the “most vulnerable” is often misleading and could result in inappropriate response expectations or activities. Stated more specifically, not all seniors, youth, women, or aboriginal people are “vulnerable”.
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