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ApplicationToCoastalStorms

ApplicationToCoastalStorms - COASTAL STORMS From At...

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COASTAL STORMS From “At Risk” (second edition) Natural hazards, people’s vulnerability and disasters Ben Wisner, Piers Blaikie, Terry Cannon, and Ian Davis
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Coastal Storms The 1999 Hangzhou Declaration of representatives of large coastal cities noted the following: More than half of the world’s population…lives in coastal areas and is expected to develop more Reason: population growth and tourist pressure increase…. Coastal mega-cities have increased in number Small coastal cities are also proliferating Coastal urbanization has increased coastal erosion Complicated coastal use patterns Key spatial elements of globalisation processes Provoked acceleration in human pressure on local ecosystems and natural resources
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Why people inhabit coasts? Livelihoods are tied to jobs in oil refineries or export enclaves Jobs in the service sector spun off from the tourist trade Jobs on fishing boats Jobs on coastal farms and plantations Retirees Tourists
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Bureaucratic Blindness Bureaucratic blindness to the needs of low-income people without insurance (Hurricane Hugo in 1989) Racially biased relief assistance Partisan politics and corruption (Hurricane Gilbert in 1988)
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Sociopolitical Organization Australia in 1970 cyclone suffered much less than Bangladesh in the same year Planning, citizen activism, preparedness, response etc Vietnam in 1971 survived a combination of coastal storm surge and torrential rain in the Red River delta Highly efficient war-time village-level organisation that allowed rapid evacuation and provided first aid 1974 cyclonic storm killed 49 in Australia versus 8,000 in Honduras in a similar size storm Pattern of rural land ownership in Honduras, deforestation by
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