AccessModel - DISASTER MODELS ACCESS MODEL N. Nirupama...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–9. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
1 DISASTER MODELS ACCESS MODEL N. Nirupama Assistant Professor of Emergency Management York University
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
2 ACCESS VS. PAR MODEL One of the weaknesses in PAR is that the generation of vulnerability is not adequately integrated with the way in which hazards themselves affect people; it is a static model. It exaggerates the separation of the hazard from social processes in order to emphasize the social causation of disasters. In reality, nature forms a part of the social framework of society, as is most evident in the use of natural resources for economic activity. Hazards are also intertwined with human systems in affecting the pattern of assets and livelihoods among people (for instance, affecting land distribution and ownership after floods).
Background image of page 2
3 The Access Model in Outline
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
4 Access to resources - an example Wealthy and poor family living only a 100m apart Wealthy: 6 members, brick house, six draught cattle, over a hectare of prime paddy land, small grain business and a truck Poor: 4 members, thatch and pole house, one draught ox and a calf, a quarter of a hectare of poor, non-irrigated land and sharecropping rights for another quarter hectare, work as agricultural labourers The cyclone strikes: Rich farmer got the warning on his radio and left with family; house destroyed partially; crop destroyed; 3 cattle drowned Poor farmer’s younger child drowned; house completely destroyed; lost both animals; fields floods, crop destroyed
Background image of page 4
5 Coping capacity and access to resources Wealthy farmer returns, uses his savings from agriculture and trade, rebuilds the house within week, replace the cattle and ploughs his fields after the flood has receded Poor farmer has no savings, borrows from moneylender at high interest rate, manages to buy a calf, hires bullocks for ploughing his fields quite late due to shortage of bullocks for hire – Result? Suffers a hungry period of 8 months Thus access to resources varies between households leading to potential loss and rate of recovery. Though greater value in absolute terms, the losses suffered by the wealthy farmer had lesser impact on his overall recovery The seeds for further hardships have been sown for the poor farmer, for, he is more vulnerable now
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
6 Two related systems of political economy Social relations Structures of dominations
Background image of page 6
7 Social Relations Flows of goods, money and surplus between different players, such as merchants, food producers and urban rentiers Includes households involved in various relations of production and endowed with a particular range and quality of access to resources
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
8 Structures of Domination Include politics of relations between people at different levels Relations within the household, between men and women, children and adults, seniors and juniors Relations shape, and are shaped by, existing rights, obligations and expectations that exist within the household and which affect the allocation of work and rewards Includes wider family and kinship ties
Background image of page 8
Image of page 9
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/11/2010 for the course ADMS 3701 taught by Professor Nirunirupama during the Fall '09 term at York University.

Page1 / 31

AccessModel - DISASTER MODELS ACCESS MODEL N. Nirupama...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 9. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online