5lecture1780salome09SU - Lecture 5 Clements 1 School of...

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Lecture 5 Clements 1 School of Arts and Letters, Atkinson Faculty of Liberal and Professional Studies Summer 2009 AK/HUMA 1780 6.0A Stories in Diverse Media ANNOUNCEMENTS : Sit tight on the Discussion Groups. I will announce when they will be up and running once the course enrollment list is solidified. Generate answers to the questions at the end of the lecture in a word-processor and save them for when the Discussion Groups begin, hopefully, by this Thursday (June 24/09) If you haven't already, please complete the online Academic Integrity Tutorial Quiz as mentioned in Lecture 1. You can find it at this address: http://www.yorku.ca/tutorial/academic_integrity/ On to Salome and the femme fatale stereotype…. Biblical and Historical Versions of the Salome Story The relationship between the biblical stories of Salome (unnamed in the Bible) and Oscar Wilde's play "Salomé" (note the French version of her name) gives us another good example of the adaptation process that we've been calling "borrowing." As with O Brother, Where Art Thou? there is a substantial gap between the source material of the Bible and Wilde's play. Unlike The Odyssey , however, the source texts for our next two stories, about Salome and Pygmalion, provide very little material for the adapted versions. In these two cases, the initial texts supply very few events, very little character development, and minimal description in terms of the setting, time, and place. Source texts such as these, therefore, leave a lot of room for the second writer, or the adaptor, to create new material, giving Wilde, in this case, the advantage of a lot of room to create his particular version.
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Lecture 5 Clements 2 However, the Bible also brings with it several difficulties for the adaptor. Wilde, for example, had to consult several texts to compile his version of the Salome story, not only the different texts within the Bible (from the different gospels), but also accounts outside of the Bible. As you will note from the supplemental reading, one of the sources that Wilde used included the Antiquities of the Jews , written by the Jewish historian, Flavius Josephus. See Lecture Summary 5 Slide 2. Josephus, who was born in 37 CE and died in 101 (approx. 70 years after the death of the historical Jesus), wrote a history of the Jewish people from “Creation” up to his own time period, 66 years after the start of the Common Era. Josephus's history is often called upon as an historical supplement to the New Testament Biblical narratives because he documents the times preceding Jesus's birth, during his lifetime, and after his death. Josephus is also important to Christian theology because he is one of the most reliable sources for what Judaism was like during this time period. Josephus gives us an especially important piece of information for this story that
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5lecture1780salome09SU - Lecture 5 Clements 1 School of...

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