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Unformatted text preview: banuelos (ojb93) Homework 04 florin (58140) 1 This printout should have 16 questions. Multiplechoice questions may continue on the next column or page find all choices before answering. 001 (part 1 of 2) 10.0 points Two vectors A and B , are lying in the xy plane and given by A = A x i + A y j B = B x i + B y j . where A x = 3 . 17 m, A y = 0 . 356 m, B x = 3 . 08 m, B y = 6 . 38 m. Let R = A + B . Find the magnitude of R . Correct answer: 8 . 6805 m. Explanation: The resultant vector R is given by R = A + B = ( A x i + A y j ) + ( B x i + B y j ) = ( A x + B x ) i + ( A y + B y ) j = (3 . 17 m + 3 . 08 m) i + (0 . 356 m + ( 6 . 38 m)) j = 6 . 25 m i + ( 6 . 024 m) j . The magnitude, R , of R is R = radicalBig R 2 x + R 2 y = radicalBig (6 . 25 m) 2 + ( 6 . 024 m) 2 = 8 . 6805 m . 002 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points Find the angle that the vector R makes from the positive x axis. Choose your answer to be between 180 and +180 . The positive an gular direction is counter clockwise measured from the x axis. Correct answer: 43 . 9452 . Explanation: The point is in the fourth quadrant of the coordinate system, so the angle that the vector R = A + B makes with the positive x axis is = arctan R y R x = arctan ( 6 . 024 m) (6 . 25 m) = ( 43 . 9452 ) = 43 . 9452 . 003 (part 1 of 2) 10.0 points Consider two vectors vector A and vector B and their re sultant vector A + vector B . The magnitudes of the vectors vector A and vector B are, respectively, 19 . 4 and 6 . 2 and they act at 51 to each other. vector A vector B vector A + vector B Find the magnitude of the resultant vector vector A + vector B . Correct answer: 23 . 7947. Explanation: Let : a = 19 . 4 , b = 6 . 2 , and = 51 . b r a = 180 51 = 129 , so applying the law of cosines, r 2 = a 2 + b 2 2 a b cos = (19 . 4) 2 + (6 . 2) 2 2 (19 . 4) (6 . 2) cos 129 = 566 . 189 r = 566 . 189 = 23 . 7947 . 004 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points Find the angle between the direction of the resultant vector A + B and the direction of the vector A . Correct answer: 11 . 6829 . Explanation: banuelos (ojb93) Homework 04 florin (58140) 2 a r b Applying the law of sines, b sin = r sin sin = b sin r = arcsin parenleftbigg b sin r parenrightbigg = arcsin parenleftbigg 6 . 2 sin 129 23 . 7947 parenrightbigg = 11 . 6829 ....
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