LIN1-Sample Midterm


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NAME: MIDTERM EXAM SAMPLE FORM A PAGE 1 NOTE — You must bring to the exam a #2 pencil and a Scantron form like this: INSTRUCTIONS — Write your name in the slot above and on the scantron form and bubble in on the scantron your ID number and the test form letter shown in the top right corner above. Indicate the best answer from among the alternatives by filling in the appropriate slot on the scantron with a #2 pencil. The phonetic symbols of English sounds appear on the consonant and vowel charts on the last page. You are free to consult these charts. NOTE : Some of these questions have to do with the pronunciations of English words. Remember not to be confused by the spellings of these words, which are sometimes potentially misleading. If you are unsure of the pronunciation, raise your hand and someone will pronounce it for you. 1. Which of the following is NOT a major concern of linguistics? a. producing detailed descriptions of the grammars of the languages of the world b. understanding the underlying knowledge that allows people to comprehend and produce language c. convincing people to speak English properly and not use slang d. having a complete and accurate inventory and classification of the sounds of the world’s languages. 2. Which of the following is a PRESCRIPTIVE statement concerning English grammar? a. The prefix in- meaning ‘not’ has several allomorphs, including [ ɪ n], [ ɪ m], and [ ɪ ]. b. The sound /t/ is often realized as a glottal stop at the end of a syllable in British English. c. The - ed ending on walked is an inflectional morpheme. d. between you and me is correct; between you and I is not . 3. Speakers of Portuguese often pronounce the English words sheep and ship the same way, i.e., [ ʃ ip]. The most likely reason for this is that a. [ ʃ ] is not a phoneme in Portuguese. b. Portuguese has more vowel phonemes than English, including nasal vowels. c. the translations of these words in Portuguese are homophonous. d.
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