PHE 40-Chapter7studyguide(2)

PHE 40-Chapter7studyguide(2) - Chapter 7 Other Drugs, Other...

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Chapter 7 Other Drugs, Other Addictions GUIDED REVIEW INTRODUCTION It is unusual that a person will have only one addiction . OTHER DRUGS Inhalants have been around for thousands of years; their use has expanded dramatically in the last 200 years. Sports drugs are used to heal injuries, increase performance , or to reward athletic prowess. There are unusual substances that are difficult to classify: herbal preparations, smart drugs/drinks, and nootropics. II. INHALANTS Inhalants are used for their stupefying , intoxicating, and less often, slight psychedelic effects. Volatile solvents (hydrocarbons) are found in glues, gasoline, and nail polish remover among others. Some aerosols , sprayed to produce a foggy mist, are inhaled for their gaseous propellants . Besides volatile hydrocarbons, other abusable volatile organic compounds are esters, ketones, alcohols , and glycols. Volatile nitrites are used as blood vessel dilators ( vasodilators ), for heart problems, as room fresheners, and as a party drug. Anesthetics were developed to block pain or induce unconsciousness during surgical/medical procedures. Inhalants are different from other psychoactive drugs in that they are quick acting and have intense effects. Inhalants are absorbed through the lungs and into the bloodstream , which carries them to the brain. Inhalants' intoxicating effects occur within 7-10 seconds and last about 30 minutes to 1 hour after exposure has ceased. Inhalants are cheap , readily available, and widespread; more than 1,500 chemical products can be inhaled. Inhalants have more directs effects on body tissues than most other psychoactive drugs. People who abuse inhalants can display strange, erratic, and unpredictable behavior and poor judgment . A. HISTORY (p. 307) Our modern version of inhalant abuse began in the late 1700s with the discovery of nitrous oxide , chloroform, and ether .
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After World War II the abuse of glue and metallic paints rose dramatically particularly in the U.S. Midwest and Japan . C. METHODS OF INHALATION Sniffing ” is breathing in the inhalant through the nose directly from the container. “Sniffing” puts the vapor into the lungs in contrast with “snorting” that puts solids, like cocaine, in contact with the mucosal lining of the nasal passages. Huffing ” is putting a solvent-soaked rag, sock, or other material over or in one’s mouth or nose and inhaling. Huffer ” is a term for any inhalant abuser no matter which route of administration is used. Spraying ” means placing the inhalant or inhalant-soaked material in a plastic bag and inhaling by nose, mouth, or both. “” means spraying the inhalant directly into the nose or mouth. Balloon
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This note was uploaded on 04/11/2010 for the course PE PE 40 taught by Professor Manara during the Winter '10 term at UC Davis.

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PHE 40-Chapter7studyguide(2) - Chapter 7 Other Drugs, Other...

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