{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

PHE 40-Chapter7studyguide(2)

PHE 40-Chapter7studyguide(2) - Chapter 7 Other Drugs Other...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 7 Other Drugs, Other Addictions GUIDED REVIEW INTRODUCTION It is unusual that a person will have only one addiction . OTHER DRUGS Inhalants have been around for thousands of years; their use has expanded dramatically in the last 200 years. Sports drugs are used to heal injuries, increase performance , or to reward athletic prowess. There are unusual substances that are difficult to classify: herbal preparations, smart drugs/drinks, and nootropics. II. INHALANTS Inhalants are used for their stupefying , intoxicating, and less often, slight psychedelic effects. Volatile solvents (hydrocarbons) are found in glues, gasoline, and nail polish remover among others. Some aerosols , sprayed to produce a foggy mist, are inhaled for their gaseous propellants . Besides volatile hydrocarbons, other abusable volatile organic compounds are esters, ketones, alcohols , and glycols. Volatile nitrites are used as blood vessel dilators ( vasodilators ), for heart problems, as room fresheners, and as a party drug. Anesthetics were developed to block pain or induce unconsciousness during surgical/medical procedures. Inhalants are different from other psychoactive drugs in that they are quick acting and have intense effects. Inhalants are absorbed through the lungs and into the bloodstream , which carries them to the brain. Inhalants' intoxicating effects occur within 7-10 seconds and last about 30 minutes to 1 hour after exposure has ceased. Inhalants are cheap , readily available, and widespread; more than 1,500 chemical products can be inhaled. Inhalants have more directs effects on body tissues than most other psychoactive drugs. People who abuse inhalants can display strange, erratic, and unpredictable behavior and poor judgment . A. HISTORY (p. 307) Our modern version of inhalant abuse began in the late 1700s with the discovery of nitrous oxide , chloroform, and ether .
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
After World War II the abuse of glue and metallic paints rose dramatically particularly in the U.S. Midwest and Japan . C. METHODS OF INHALATION Sniffing ” is breathing in the inhalant through the nose directly from the container. “Sniffing” puts the vapor into the lungs in contrast with “snorting” that puts solids, like cocaine, in contact with the mucosal lining of the nasal passages. Huffing ” is putting a solvent-soaked rag, sock, or other material over or in one’s mouth or nose and inhaling. Huffer ” is a term for any inhalant abuser no matter which route of administration is used. Spraying ” means placing the inhalant or inhalant-soaked material in a plastic bag and inhaling by nose, mouth, or both. “” means spraying the inhalant directly into the nose or mouth. Balloon and crackers ” is the use of a pin (“cracking” device) to puncture a can of nitrous oxide or other inhalant while a balloon is placed over the end of the can. The vapors are then inhaled.
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern