Lecture 2 - Methods, Full Slides, Sept. 17, 2009

Lecture 2 - Methods, Full Slides, Sept. 17, 2009 - Cell...

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The Psychology of People, Work, and Organizations Psychology 2060 Research Foundations Cell Phones!!!
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What do I/O psychologist consultants do? Most things affecting the “human” aspects of work relevant to an organization. E.g., Job analysis: Determine what people actually do in their jobs (document the behaviors and cognitions involved). Determine the KSAOs relevant to job performance. Develop tests (i.e., selection and placement tools) to get the right people into the right job. Develop, administer, and evaluate training programs. Develop performance appraisal forms and teach managers how to effectively provide feedback. Deliver seminars on how to be more effective leaders and how to motivate people.
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Why do we need research? Research in I/O aims to systematically and scientifically answer a question about work. Without doing the research, our confidence in knowing how things in organizations work should be low.
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What types of research questions might be asked? What is the relation between leadership effectiveness and follower job performance? Does conflict management training enable team members to better resolve conflicts ? Do outgoing, sociable employees have higher sales than do shy, introverted employees? Can work motivation be increased by providing pay incentives like bonuses?
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Evidence-based management Without research, what information might managers use to make personnel decisions? Obsolete knowledge gained in school Long-standing but never proven traditions Patterns gleaned from experience Methods they believe in personally Methods they are most skilled in applying Information from hordes of vendors Pfeffer & Sutton, 2006
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Hordes of Vendors http://www.sigmaassessmentsystems.com/ http://www.ddiworld.com/products_services http://www.hoganassessments.com/produc http://www.panpowered.com/
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Evidence-Based Management “The conscious, explicit, and judicious use of current best evidence in making business decisions.” In simple terms: The practice of making business decisions based on what the available research evidence supports.
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Evidence-Based Management We always need research to uncover the best possible management strategies and tactics across a range of situations. We need managers who can appropriately interpret research. And we need academics who can report research in understandable and usable ways.
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Today’s Lecture It’s about different approaches for conducting, and, maybe more importantly, interpreting, research studies. Without understanding the strengths and weaknesses of a research design, it could be difficult to appropriately apply the findings in the real world. After reviewing research methods, we can get into the concepts of reliability and validity , which are critical for interpreting test scores.
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Issues in Research 1) Generate Ideas, hypotheses, and theories e.g., leadership development should improve leadership performance over time because, by providing and individual
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