study guide 4 - Permissive high acceptance low control E...

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I. Self-Concept (organized collection of beliefs about the self) A. Schemas: beliefs about self that make up self-concept B. Self-discrepancies i. actual (qualities you or others believe you possess) VS ideal self (you or others would like you to have) ii. actual VS ought self (qualities you or others think you should have) C. Shaping Self-Concept i. self (one's own observations) ii. others (feedback from others) iii. culture 1. individualism: personal goals ahead of group goals 2. collectivism: group goals put ahead of personal goals II. Self-Esteem (Assessment of one's worth as a person) A. Related to self-concept (evaluative component) more susceptibility to fluctuations/change) C. Narcissism (fantasy of success and a desire for special treatment; react aggressively when this is threatened) D. Determinants of S.E. (Parenting, p. 149) Authorian: low acceptance, high control Authoritative: high acceptance, high control Neglectful: low acceptance, low control
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Unformatted text preview: Permissive: high acceptance, low control E. Ethnicity & Gender effects i. minorities with high self-esteem? 1. attribute negative feedback to prejudice against the group instead of themselves 2. devaluing qualities in which the group fares poorly and valuing those in which the group excels F. Attribution i. optimism ii. Pessimism III. Self-Efficacy (Belief in ability to complete tasks which lead to desired outcomes) A. Developing self-efficacy Social Thinking & Social Influence I. Forming Impressions of Others A. Key Sources 1. appearance 2. Verbal behavior 3. actions 4. Nonverbal messages 5. Situational cues B. Attributions- ". ..inferences that people draw about the causes of their own behavior, others' behavior, and events". 1. Fundamental Attribution Error (Lee Ross) 2. Defensive Attribution (blaming the victim) C. Expectations 1.Confirmation Bias 2.Self-fulfilling Prophecies 3.Primacy Effect II. Prejudice/Stereotypes/Discrimination...
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study guide 4 - Permissive high acceptance low control E...

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