comprehension_questions

comprehension_questions - A. Hsu Philosophy 21...

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A. Hsu Philosophy 21 Winter 2010 Comprehension questions on the First Meditation, Bouwsma etc. 1. What is an argument? What is a valid argument? What is a sound argument? Argument: a series of sentences with premises and a conclusion. A valid argument is one that if all the premises are true, it’s impossible for the conclusion to be false, or the conclusion has to be true. A sound argument is one with true premises. (Remember, we’re using “argument”, “valid” and “sound” in a technical way!) 2. Can a sound argument have a false conclusion? Can an unsound argument have a true conclusion? An argument is sound iff the argument is valid and all its premises are true. An unsound argument can have a true conclusion, since the argument can be valid but not having all true premises. 3. Do some unsound arguments give good reasons for accepting their conclusions? Give examples. Yes. E.g. 4. Why take an interest in sound arguments? 4. What range of beliefs does the very first skeptical argument that Descartes considers in Meditation I target? 5. What is the Argument from Illusion? Is the argument sound? What is Descartes’ objection to the Argument from Illusion? 7*. Does it matter how we think of “ complete trust” when we think about the Argument from Illusion? What is the measure of a person’s trust or reliance or confidence that such 1
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A. Hsu Philosophy 21 Winter 2010 and such is the case? What if someone says, “I never completely trust my senses
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comprehension_questions - A. Hsu Philosophy 21...

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