PSY339mooddisorders - Mood Disorders Dr. Bradbury PSY 339...

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Mood Disorders Dr. Bradbury PSY 339 Behavior Problems of Children Spring 2010
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Mood Disorders A category of mental disorder in which significant and chronic disruption in mood is the predominant symptom, causing impaired cognitive, behavioral, and physical functioning. • depressive disorders (down) • bipolar disorders (up & down)
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Depression and Mania Opposite extremes on a continuum of emotional experience from despair to elation Normal human experience may include the entire spectrum w/o disorder At their most severe, both mania and depression can cause psychosis (delusions, hallucinations, loss of reality-testing). Many criteria are used to determine abnormal mood states from normal ones, including persistence, pattern relative to situational factors, and substantial interference in functioning. Manic and depressed mood states range in severity from benign to fatal.
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Affective Symptoms Depression: Sadness Emptiness Hopelessness Apathy Brooding Guilt/shame/self-loathing Feeling disconnected from others, lonely, or unloved And…Irritability! Mania: Elation Grandiosity Expansiveness Fearlessness Supreme self- confidence And… Irritability!
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Cognitive Symptoms Depression: Pessimism, guilt Difficulty thinking, concentrating Slowed thinking Negative Cognitive Triad: self, world, future Loss of interest and motivation Suicidal thoughts Mania: Flight of ideas Pressured thoughts Racing thoughts Lack of focus and attention Poor judgment Impaired insight
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Physiological Symptoms Depression: Poor or increased appetite Aches and pains Sleepiness, other sleep disturbances Weightiness/low energy Loss of sex drive Menstrual cycle disruptions Headaches Reduced pain tolerance Slow reaction times Mania: High arousal levels Reduced need for sleep, sleeplessness Increased threshold for/tolerance for pain High energy Increased desire for sex
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PSY339mooddisorders - Mood Disorders Dr. Bradbury PSY 339...

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